The Infrared Evolution of Sakurai's Object

Liverpool John Moores University
Astrophysics and Space Science (Impact Factor: 2.4). 02/2002; 279(1):39-49. DOI: 10.1023/A:1014683521291
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT Infrared spectroscopy and photometry have revealed the remarkableevolution of Sakurai''s Object from 1996 to the present. A cooling,carbon-rich photospheric spectrum was observable from 1996 to 1998.Considerable changes occured in 1998 as the continuum reddened due toabsorption and emission by newly formed dust located outside thephotosphere. In addition, a strong and broad helium 1.083 m P Cygniline developed, signifying the acceleration of an outer envelope ofmaterial to speeds as high as 1000 km s-1. At the same time thephotosphere of the central star remained quiescent. By 1999 thephotosphere was virtually completely obscured by the dust and the heliumemission line was the only detectable spectral feature remaining in the1–5 m band. In 2000 emission by dust has become even more dominant,as the envelope continues to expand and cool and the helium line weakens.

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    ABSTRACT: Neutral fluorine lines are identified in the optical spectra of several R Coronae Borealis stars (RCBs) at maximum light. These lines provide the first measurement of the fluorine abundance in these stars. Fluorine is enriched in some RCBs by factors of 800 to 8000 relative to its likely initial abundance. The overabundances of fluorine are evidence for the synthesis of fluorine. These results are discussed in the light of the scenario that RCBs are formed by accretion of an He white dwarf by a C-O white dwarf. Sakurai's object (V4334 Sgr), a final He-shell flash product, shows no detectable neutral fluorine lines.
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