Article

Myokymia, muscle hypertrophy and percussion "myotonia" in chronic recurrent polyneuropathy.

Neurology (Impact Factor: 8.25). 12/1978; 28(11):1130-4.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Three unusual features were observed in a patient with chronic relapsing polyneuropathy: myokymia, muscle hypertrophy, and prolonged contraction in response to muscle percussion. Low nerve conduction velocity and conduction block were demonstrated in all motor nerves tested, indicating a demyelinating peripheral neuropathy. Myokymia was caused by spontaneous motor unit activity which was shown to originate in peripheral nerves, since it persisted after nerve block and was abolished by regional curarization. Muscle hypertrophy was attributed to increased peripheral nerve activity, and the prolonged contraction of muscle in response to direct percussion was attributed to irritability of intramuscular nerve terminals.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
174 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A case of amyloidosis presented with neurormyotonia and marked predominance of type I myofibers as documented by biopsy of an enlarged anterior tibialis muscle. This likely represents conversion of type II fibers to type I from continuous neuromyotonic stimulation. This transformation is well described to occur in animal models and this case represents a unique human example. Enlarged muscles likely reflected pseudohypertrophy.
    Muscle & Nerve 11/1996; 19(10):1338-41. · 2.31 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Enlargement of the peroneus longus muscle is a common occurrence in patients with forefoot pes cavus, and may contribute to the cavus deformity. The present study compares the morphology of up to five lower leg muscles from 17 patients with forefoot pes cavus with those of normal muscles. Eight cases had an identifiable neurogenic cause for the cavus. In four cases of hereditary motor-sensory neuropathy, the tibialis anterior showed more severe damage than the peroneus longus. In two cases of cerebral palsy, fibre atrophy and increased oxidative enzyme activity were observed. In nine clinically idiopathic cases, the histological appearances ranged from normal to generalised fibre atrophy or hypertrophy in individual muscles. There was a trend for the mean fibre area to be greater in peroneus longus than in tibialis anterior in six of the idiopathic group of patients. The muscle cross-sectional area on magnetic resonance imaging was correlated closely with the mean fibre area measured on tissue sections. In idiopathic forefoot pes cavus, fibre hypertrophy in peroneus longus (relative to tibialis anterior) may contribute to the cavus deformity. Muscle fibre hyperplasia may contribute to the peroneal muscle enlargement in Friedreich's ataxia. In none of the cases was peroneus longus enlargement due to fat or fibrous tissue replacement.
    Acta Neuropathologica 02/1995; 89(6):552-9. · 9.73 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present a case with findings suggestive of popliteal artery entrapment in a patient with intermittent claudication and localized muscle hypertrophy in the calf muscles after removal of a herniated disk. Angiography failed to demonstrate popliteal artery entrapment but instead revealed compression of the tibial vessels caused by calf muscle hypertrophy. The concept of muscle hypertrophy caused by denervation is also discussed.
    Journal of Vascular Surgery 08/1992; 16(1):116-20. · 2.88 Impact Factor