Article

Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry 01/2008; 23(1):41-44. DOI: 10.1007/s12291-008-0010-x

ABSTRACT The changes in the erythrocyte lipid peroxidation products (MDA), levels of glutathione (GSH), ascorbic acid and plasma vitamin
E (non enzymatic antioxidant parameters) and activities of antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase
(GPX), catalase in erythrocytes and plasma glutathione - S - transferase (GST) activity were estimated in patients with rheumatoid
arthritis. This work was undertaken to assess oxidative stress and anti oxidant status in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
It was observed that there was a significant increase in erythrocyte MDA levels, activities of SOD, GPX, plasma GST and a significant decrease in erythrocyte GSH, ascorbic acid, plasma vitamin E levels and catalse activity in
patients with rheumatoid arthritis when compared to controls. The results of our study suggests higher oxygen free radical
production, evidenced by increased MDA and decreased GSH, ascorbic acid, vitamin E and Catalase activity, support to the oxidative
stress in rheumatoid arthritis. The increased activities of antioxidant enzymes may be a compensatory regulation in response
to increased oxidative stress.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
240 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Erythrocytes of diabetic patients have abnormal membrane properties. We examined in vivo membrane lipid peroxidation in erythrocytes of diabetic subjects and its possible relationship with hyperglycemia. Lipid peroxidation was assessed in fresh, untreated erythrocytes by quantitating thiobarbituric acid reactivity and an adduct of phospholipids and malonyldialdehyde (MDA), an end product of lipid peroxidation, with thin-layer chromatography of lipid extract of diabetic erythrocytes. There was a significantly increased membrane lipid peroxidation in diabetic erythrocytes compared with nondiabetic erythrocytes. The degree of membrane lipid peroxidative damage in erythrocytes was significantly correlated with the level of glycosylated hemoglobin, an index of mean glucose level for the preceding 3-4 mo. This suggests that peroxidation of membrane lipids and accumulation of MDA occurs in erythrocytes of diabetic patients.
    Diabetes 01/1990; 38(12):1539-43. · 7.90 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The synovial cavity has a negative pressure in health. When the joint is exercised, vascular patency is maintained, allowing for nutrition of the avascular cartilage. In rheumatoid synovitis, the situation is altered. The cavity pressure is raised and upon movement this pressure exceeds the capillary perfusion pressure, causing collapse of the blood vessels. This leads to the production of multiple episodes of 'hypoxic-reperfusion injury' generating reactive oxygen species (ROS). Such ROS oxidise: (a) IgG, inducing rheumatoid factor production (b) Hyaluronan, leading to hyaluronan fragmentation products which may alter immune function (c) Lipids, generating aldehydes which are toxic and may alter T cell/macrophage interactions (d) lipoproteins, leading to the production of monocyte chemotactic peptides Progressive hypoxia alters immune function, predominantly by calcium mediated pathways.
    British Medical Bulletin 05/1995; 51(2):419-36. · 4.36 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate secular trends in the incidence and prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Japan. The incidence and prevalence of RA were determined in a longitudinal population based study in the Kamitonda district, Wakayama, Japan, from 1965 to 1996. In the study area consisting of about 3000 inhabitants, 16 incident cases, satisfying definite RA by the Rome criteria were detected during the study period. The age and sex adjusted incidence in both men and women combined and the age adjusted incidence in women significantly decreased (p<0.025 and p<0. 01, respectively). The age and sex adjusted prevalence in all inhabitants tended to decrease (p<0.1), and the age adjusted prevalence in women significantly declined (p<0.025). In men, however, neither incidence nor prevalence showed significant change. The decline of incidence and prevalence of female RA may be reducible to some environmental changes preferentially occurring more obviously in Japanese women than in men. Because the use of oral contraceptives has been extremely low in Japan, the decline should be explained by other factors.
    Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 12/1999; 58(12):751-6. · 9.11 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
6 Downloads
Available from