Genetic identification of two species of Pleuronichthys by DNA barcoding

Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology (Impact Factor: 0.68). 09/2011; 29(5):967-972. DOI: 10.1007/s00343-011-0040-8

ABSTRACT DNA barcoding is a new method for biological taxonomy, offering the ability to identify species from fragments in any life-history
stage. Pleuronichthys cornutus and P. japonicus are two morphologically similar species. Pleuronichthys japonicus has never been found previously in China. However, in this study, we identified both species using DNA barcoding (cytochrome
c oxidase subunit I (COI)), the mtDNA control region and cytochrome b. The results reveal that: 1) intraspecific variation in the DNA barcode is much less than interspecific variation; 2) the
two morphologically similar species were placed into separate clades distinguishable by high bootstrap values; 3) COI barcodes
are more powerful for identifying the two species than the other two mtDNA fragments.

–DNA barcoding–COI–CR–Cyt b

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