Radioquimioterapia de la enfermedad limitada del carcinoma pulmonar de célula pequeña. ¿Tratamiento concomitante en protocolos asistenciales?
ABSTRACT PurposeWe retrospectively reviewed our institution’s database to investigate the outcome and impact of combined radiochemotherapy
(RT/CT; concomitant or in sequence) in localised small-cell lung cancer (L-SCLC).
Material and methodsBetween January 1995 to November 1999, 79 patients with L-SCLC received combined RT/CT at our Institution. RT was delivered
concurrently or sequentially following the CT. Patients with treatment response received additional prophylactic cranial irradiation
ResultsOf the patients treated, 54% had received concurrent CT/RT compared to 46% receiving RT following the CT. PCI was administered
to 80% of the patients. Complete response was observed in 66% of patients. With a median follow up of 30 months, median overall
survival was 15.9 months; 14.3 months for patients who received RT following CT and 21.6 months for those receiving concurrent
CT/RT. The type of schedule of combined radiochemotherapy was an independent prognostic factor for survival free of local
recurrence, as was additional PCI for distant metastasis-free survival.
ConclusionsOur results are similar to those reported previously in the literature. The main point of interest is that our patients were
non-selected. We strongly support the use of concurrent CT/RT so as to achieve results comparable to the best in the literature.