Fine genetic mapping and physical delimitation of the lesion mimic gene spotted leaf 5 (spl5) in rice (Oryza sativa L.)
ABSTRACT Spotted leaf 5 (spl5), a lesion mimic mutant, was first identified in rice (Oryza sativa L.) japonica cv. Norin8 in 1978. This mutant exhibits spontaneous disease-like lesions in the absence of any pathogens and resistance
to rice blast and bacterial blight; however, the target gene has not yet been isolated. In the present study, we employed
a map-based cloning strategy to finely map the spl5 gene. In an initial mapping with 100 F2 individuals (spl5/spl5) derived from a cross between the spl5 mutant and indica cv. 93-11, the spl5 gene was located in a 3.3-cM region on chromosome 7 using six simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. In a high-resolution
genetic mapping, two F2 populations with 3,149 individuals (spl5/spl5) were derived from two crosses between spl5 mutant and two indica cvs. 93-11 and Zhefu802 and six sequence-tagged site (STS) markers were newly developed. Finally, the spl5 gene was mapped to a region of 0.048cM between two markers SSR7 and RM7121. One BAC/PAC contig map covering these markers’
loci and the spl5 gene was constructed through Pairwise BLAST analysis. Our bioinformatics analysis shows that the spl5 gene is located in the 80-kb region between two markers SSR7 and RM7121 with a high average ratio of physical to genetic
distance (1.67Mb/cM) and eighteen candidate genes. The analysis of these candidate genes indicates that the spl5 gene represents a novel class of regulators controlling cell death and resistance response in plants.
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ABSTRACT: A total of 28 accessions of rice (Oryza sativa L.) germplasms were collected from Interna- tional Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Philippine and Gene Pool of China National Rice Research Institute (CNRRI). These germplasms were attributed as a Donor Gene Pool, consisting of 27 diverse morphological marker lines with each having a unique valuable trait (gene), and the recurrent parent—Zhefu 802, an early-season indica cultivar in south of China in the 1980s and 1990s. A set of 27 isogenic lines with 2-3 markers on every chromosome were obtained after more than 10 successive backcrosses. Moreover, 15 accessions of double-marker isogenic lines were developed by further pyramiding markers on the same chromosome. Key agronomic traits such as heading date, plant height, tillering number and panicle length in this set of lines were similar to that of Zhefu 802 except the marker traits.
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ABSTRACT: A lesion mimic mutant that we designated Spotted leaf 18 (Spl18) was isolated from 13,000 activation-tagging lines of rice produced by our modified activation-tagging vector and further characterized. Spl18 was dominant and its phenotype was linked to the T-DNA insertion. An ORF was located about 500 bp downstream of the inserted T-DNA, and the deduced protein, designated OsAT1, showed sequence similarity to an acyltransferase whose expression is induced by hypersensitive reaction in tobacco. The transcriptional level of OsAT1 was very low in the WT leaf blade but high in Spl18 leaf blade. In wild-type rice, OsAT1 was transcribed mainly in the young panicle, in the panicle just after heading, and in the leaf sheath. In addition, transcription of the genes for PR protein was upregulated in Spl18, accumulation of phytoalexins (both momilactone A and sakuranetin) was increased, and resistance to blast disease was improved. We then combined OsAT1 genomic DNA downstream of the modified 35S promoter and re-transformed it into rice. Lesion mimic and blast resistance phenotypes were detected in the transgenic lines produced, clearly indicating that overexpression of OsAT1 caused the Spl18 phenotypes. In addition, plants overexpressing OsAT1 showed resistance to bacterial blight.Plant Molecular Biology 05/2007; 63(6):847-60. · 3.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Salicylic acid (SA) plays an important role in activating various plant defense responses, including expression of the pathogenesis-related (PR) genes and systemic acquired resistance. A critical positive regulator of the SA signaling pathway in Arabidopsis is encoded by the NPR1 gene. However, there is growing evidence that NPR1-independent pathways can also activate PR expression and disease resistance. To elucidate the components associated with NPR1-independent defense signaling, we isolated a suppressor of the npr1-5 allele, designated ssi2. The recessive ssi2 mutation confers constitutive PR gene expression, spontaneous lesion formation, and enhanced resistance to Peronospora parasitica. In contrast, a subset of defense responses regulated by the jasmonic acid (JA) signaling pathway, including expression of the defensin gene PDF1.2 and resistance to Botrytis cinerea, is impaired in ssi2 plants. With the use of a map-based approach, the SSI2 gene was cloned and shown to encode a stearoyl-ACP desaturase (S-ACP DES). S-ACP DES is an archetypical member of a family of soluble fatty acid (FA) desaturases; these enzymes play an important role in regulating the overall level of desaturated FAs in the cell. The activity of mutant S-ACP DES enzyme was reduced 10-fold, resulting in elevation of the 18:0 FA content in ssi2 plants. Because reduced S-ACP DES activity leads to the induction of certain defense responses and the inhibition of others, we propose that a FA-derived signal modulates crosstalk between different defense signaling pathways.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 08/2001; 98(16):9448-53. · 9.74 Impact Factor