Article

Fine genetic mapping and physical delimitation of the lesion mimic gene spotted leaf 5 (spl5) in rice (Oryza sativa L.)

Molecular Breeding (Impact Factor: 3.25). 01/2009; 24(4):387-395. DOI: 10.1007/s11032-009-9299-2

ABSTRACT Spotted leaf 5 (spl5), a lesion mimic mutant, was first identified in rice (Oryza sativa L.) japonica cv. Norin8 in 1978. This mutant exhibits spontaneous disease-like lesions in the absence of any pathogens and resistance
to rice blast and bacterial blight; however, the target gene has not yet been isolated. In the present study, we employed
a map-based cloning strategy to finely map the spl5 gene. In an initial mapping with 100 F2 individuals (spl5/spl5) derived from a cross between the spl5 mutant and indica cv. 93-11, the spl5 gene was located in a 3.3-cM region on chromosome 7 using six simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. In a high-resolution
genetic mapping, two F2 populations with 3,149 individuals (spl5/spl5) were derived from two crosses between spl5 mutant and two indica cvs. 93-11 and Zhefu802 and six sequence-tagged site (STS) markers were newly developed. Finally, the spl5 gene was mapped to a region of 0.048cM between two markers SSR7 and RM7121. One BAC/PAC contig map covering these markers’
loci and the spl5 gene was constructed through Pairwise BLAST analysis. Our bioinformatics analysis shows that the spl5 gene is located in the 80-kb region between two markers SSR7 and RM7121 with a high average ratio of physical to genetic
distance (1.67Mb/cM) and eighteen candidate genes. The analysis of these candidate genes indicates that the spl5 gene represents a novel class of regulators controlling cell death and resistance response in plants.

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