Fine genetic mapping and physical delimitation of the lesion mimic gene spotted leaf 5 (spl5) in rice (Oryza sativa L.)

Molecular Breeding (Impact Factor: 2.28). 11/2009; 24(4):387-395. DOI: 10.1007/s11032-009-9299-2

ABSTRACT Spotted leaf 5 (spl5), a lesion mimic mutant, was first identified in rice (Oryza sativa L.) japonica cv. Norin8 in 1978. This mutant exhibits spontaneous disease-like lesions in the absence of any pathogens and resistance
to rice blast and bacterial blight; however, the target gene has not yet been isolated. In the present study, we employed
a map-based cloning strategy to finely map the spl5 gene. In an initial mapping with 100 F2 individuals (spl5/spl5) derived from a cross between the spl5 mutant and indica cv. 93-11, the spl5 gene was located in a 3.3-cM region on chromosome 7 using six simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. In a high-resolution
genetic mapping, two F2 populations with 3,149 individuals (spl5/spl5) were derived from two crosses between spl5 mutant and two indica cvs. 93-11 and Zhefu802 and six sequence-tagged site (STS) markers were newly developed. Finally, the spl5 gene was mapped to a region of 0.048cM between two markers SSR7 and RM7121. One BAC/PAC contig map covering these markers’
loci and the spl5 gene was constructed through Pairwise BLAST analysis. Our bioinformatics analysis shows that the spl5 gene is located in the 80-kb region between two markers SSR7 and RM7121 with a high average ratio of physical to genetic
distance (1.67Mb/cM) and eighteen candidate genes. The analysis of these candidate genes indicates that the spl5 gene represents a novel class of regulators controlling cell death and resistance response in plants.

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    ABSTRACT: A lesion-mimic phenotype in rice (Oryza sativa L.) spotted leaf 5 (spl5) indicates that wild-type SPL5 negatively regulates cell death and resistance responses. Previously, the spl5 gene was already mapped to the 80-kb region between two markers SSR7 and RM7121 through a map-based cloning approach. Here, we further showed that the spl5 gene was delimitated into a 15.1-kb genomic region by the high-resolution sequence target site (STS) markers. Subsequent sequencing in this region of spl5 mutant revealed that one candidate gene harbored a single-base deletion, resulting in a frame-shift mutation and a premature stop codon. Bioinformatic analysis showed that SPL5 gene encodes a putative splicing factor 3b subunit 3 (SF3b3) and might be involved in splicing reactions of pre-mature RNAs participating in the regulation of cell death and resistance responses. Further analysis showed that wild-type SPL5 did functionally complement the spl5 phenotype. The data presented here clearly indicate that the SPL5 negatively regulates cell death and resistance responses via modulating RNA splicing in plants.
    Molecular Breeding 08/2011; 30(2). DOI:10.1007/s11032-011-9677-4 · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background A lesion-mimic mutant in rice (Oryza sativa L.), spotted leaf 5 (spl5), displays a disease-resistance-enhanced phenotype, indicating that SPL5 negatively regulates cell death and resistance responses. To understand the molecular mechanisms of SPL5 mutation-induced cell death and resistance responses, a proteomics-based approach was used to identify differentially accumulated proteins between the spl5 mutant and wild type (WT). Results Proteomic data from two-dimensional gel electrophoresis showed that 14 candidate proteins were significantly up- or down-regulated in the spl5 mutant compared with WT. These proteins are involved in diverse biological processes including pre-mRNA splicing, amino acid metabolism, photosynthesis, glycolysis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) metabolism, and defense responses. Two candidate proteins with a significant up-regulation in spl5 – APX7, a key ROS metabolism enzyme and Chia2a, a pathogenesis-related protein – were further analyzed by qPCR and enzyme activity assays. Consistent with the proteomic results, both transcript levels and enzyme activities of APX7 and Chia2a were significantly induced during the course of lesion formation in spl5 leaves. Conclusions Many functional proteins involving various metabolisms were likely to be responsible for the lesion formation of spl5 mutant. Generally, in spl5, the up-regulated proteins involve in defense response or PCD, and the down-regulated ones involve in amino acid metabolism and photosynthesis. These results may help to gain new insight into the molecular mechanism underlying spl5-induced cell death and disease resistance in plants.
    Rice 01/2013; 6(1). DOI:10.1186/1939-8433-6-1 · 2.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A rice lesion mimic mutant, lm3, was obtained by the mutagenesis of an indica cultivar, 93-11, using γ-ray radiation. Brownish lesions appeared on the leaves of lm3 at the young seedling stage and persisted until the ripening stage. The lm3 mutant was characterised by a shorter plant height and delayed heading compared with the wild-type 93-11. A genetic analysis indicated that the lesion mimic phenotype was controlled by a single recessive gene. Using simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers, the target gene LM3 was first located between marker RM5748 and RM14906 on chromosome 3. We then developed Insertion-Deletion (InDel) markers to fine-map LM3, and the locus was localised to a 29 kb region defined by two InDel markers, In12571 and In12600. Five ORFs were predicted in the candidate region, and DNA sequencing detected a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the coding region of LOC Os03g21900. The SNP in the fourth exon (C in 93-11; T in lm3) of LOC_Os03g21900 results in the substitution of a proline (P) with a serine (S) at the 140th amino acid of the deduced uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase protein. We did not detect polymorphisms in the other predicted ORF regions between lm3 and 93-11. These results suggest that LOC_Os03g21900 is the most likely candidate gene for LM3.
    Biologia 01/2012; 68(1). DOI:10.2478/s11756-012-0131-9 · 0.70 Impact Factor