Différences de sexe et rôle de l’internalisation des règles sur la propension des enfants à prendre des risques à vélo

Recherche - Transports - Sécurité 04/2011; 27(1):34-41. DOI: 10.1007/s13547-010-0002-4

ABSTRACT L’objectif de cette étude est d’explorer les différences de sexe et l’effet de l’internalisation des règles routières sur
la propension des enfants à prendre des risques à vélo. La perception du risque accidentel pour soi, l’internalisation des
règles routières relatives aux comportements cyclistes et la propension à prendre des risques à vélo de 145 enfants (86 garçons
et 59 filles) de 9 à 12 ans ont été mesurées par un autoquestionnaire. Les résultats montrent des différences de sexe sur
l’internalisation des règles routières, la perception du risque et la propension à prendre des risques à vélo. De plus, les
résultats montrent que l’internalisation des règles routières est un meilleur prédicteur de la propension à prendre des risques
à vélo que le sexe biologique.

The objective of this study is to explore gender differences and effect of internalization of traffic rules on children’s
propensity to take risks as cyclists. Risk perception, internalization of traffic rules, and self-reported risk-taking propensity
as cyclist were measured in a questionnaire among 145 children (86 boys and 59 girls) aged 9 to 12. The results show gender
differences in cycling rules internalization, risk perception, and risk-taking propensity as cyclist. Furthermore, the results
show that internalizing traffic rules is a better predictor than biological sex of the propensity to take risks as cyclist.

Mots clésEnfant–Cycliste–Sexe–Internalisation–Propension à la prise de risque
KeywordsChildren–Cyclist–Gender–Internalization–Risk-taking propenstity

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    ABSTRACT: Bicycle use has increased in some of France's major cities, mainly as a means of transport. Bicycle crashes need to be studied, preferably by type of cycling. Here we conduct a descriptive analysis. A road trauma registry has been in use in France since 1996, in a large county around Lyon (the Rhône, population 1.6 million). It covers outpatients, inpatients and fatalities. All injuries are coded using the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS). Proxies were used to identify three types of cycling: learning = children (0-10 years old); sports cycling = teenagers and adults injured outside towns; cycling as means of transport = teenagers and adults injured in towns. The study is based on 13,684 cyclist casualties (1996-2008). The percentage of cyclists injured in a collision with a motor vehicle was 8% among children, 17% among teenagers and adults injured outside towns, and 31% among those injured in towns. The percentage of serious casualties (MAIS 3+) was 4.5% among children, 10.9% among adults injured outside towns and 7.2% among those injured in towns. Collisions with motor-vehicles lead to more internal injuries than bicycle-only crashes. The description indicates that cyclist type is associated with different crash and injury patterns. In particular, cyclists injured in towns (where cycling is increasing) are generally less severely injured than those injured outside towns for both types of crash (bicycle-only crashes and collisions with a motor vehicle). This is probably due to lower speeds in towns, for both cyclists and motor vehicles.
    BMC Public Health 08/2011; 11:653. DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-11-653 · 2.32 Impact Factor


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May 22, 2014