Article

# Critical Binder cumulant of two-dimensional Ising models

Physics of Condensed Matter (Impact Factor: 1.28). 04/2006; 51(2):223-228. DOI: 10.1140/epjb/e2006-00209-7

Source: arXiv

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**ABSTRACT:**We study universality in three-dimensional Ising spin glasses by large-scale Monte Carlo simulations of the Edwards-Anderson Ising spin glass for several choices of bond distributions, with particular emphasis on Gaussian and bimodal interactions. A finite-size scaling analysis suggests that three-dimensional spin glasses obey universality.Physical Review B 03/2006; · 3.66 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**We study spatial anisotropy effects on the bulk and finite-size critical behavior of the O(n) symmetric anisotropic phi;{4} lattice model with periodic boundary conditions in a d -dimensional hypercubic geometry above, at, and below Tc. The absence of two-scale factor universality is discussed for the bulk order-parameter correlation function, the bulk scattering intensity, and for several universal bulk amplitude relations. The anisotropy parameters are observable by scattering experiments at Tc. For the confined system, renormalization-group theory within the minimal subtraction scheme at fixed dimension d for 2<d<4 is employed. In contrast to the epsilon=4-d expansion, the fixed- d finite-size approach keeps the exponential form of the order-parameter distribution function unexpanded. For the case of cubic symmetry and for n=1 , our perturbation approach yields excellent agreement with the Monte Carlo (MC) data for the finite-size amplitude of the free energy of the three-dimensional Ising model at Tc by Mon [Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 2671 (1985)]. The epsilon expansion result is in less good agreement. Below Tc, a minimum of the scaling function of the excess free energy is found. We predict a measurable dependence of this minimum on the anisotropy parameters. The relative anisotropy effect on the free energy is predicted to be significantly larger than that on the Binder cumulant. Our theory agrees quantitatively with the nonmonotonic dependence of the Binder cumulant on the ferromagnetic next-nearest-neighbor (NNN) coupling of the two-dimensional Ising model found by MC simulations of Selke and Shchur [J. Phys. A 38, L739 (2005)]. Our theory also predicts a nonmonotonic dependence for small values of the antiferromagnetic NNN coupling and the existence of a Lifshitz point at a larger value of this coupling. The nonuniversal anisotropy effects in the finite-size scaling regime are predicted to satisfy a kind of restricted universality. The tails of the large- L behavior at T++Tc violate both finite-size scaling and universality even for isotropic systems as they depend on the bare four-point coupling of the phi4 theory, on the cutoff procedure, and on subleading long-range interactions.Physical Review E 06/2008; 77(6 Pt 1):061128. · 2.31 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**We consider the thermal phase transition from a paramagnetic to stripe-antiferromagnetic phase in the frustrated two-dimensional square-lattice Ising model with competing interactions J1<0 (nearest neighbor, ferromagnetic) and J2 >0 (second neighbor, antiferromagnetic). The striped phase breaks a Z4 symmetry and is stabilized at low temperatures for g=J2/|J1|>1/2. Despite the simplicity of the model, it has proved difficult to precisely determine the order and the universality class of the phase transitions. This was done convincingly only recently by Jin et al. [PRL 108, 045702 (2012)]. Here, we further elucidate the nature of these transitions and their anomalies by employing a combination of cluster mean-field theory, Monte Carlo simulations, and transfer-matrix calculations. The J1-J2 model has a line of very weak first-order phase transitions in the whole region 1/2<g<g*, where g* = 0.67(1). Thereafter, the transitions from g above g* are continuous and can be fully mapped, using universality arguments, to the critical line of the well known Ashkin-Teller model from its 4-state Potts point to the decoupled Ising limit. We also comment on the pseudo-first-order behavior at the Potts point and its neighborhood in the Ashkin-Teller model on finite lattices, which in turn leads to the appearance of similar effects in the vicinity of the multicritical point g* in the J1-J2 model. The continuous transitions near g* can therefore be mistaken to be first-order transitions, and this realization was the key to understanding the paramagnetic-striped transition for the full range of g>1/2. Most of our results are based on Monte Carlo calculations, while the cluster mean-field and transfer-matrix results provide useful methodological bench-marks for weakly first-order behaviors and Ashkin-Teller criticality.Physical review. B, Condensed matter 12/2012; 87(14). · 3.77 Impact Factor

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