Analog vision chip for motion detection of an approaching object against a moving background based on the insect visual system

Optical Review (Impact Factor: 0.7). 14(3):111-119. DOI: 10.1007/BF02919410

ABSTRACT A network for motion detection of an approaching object without influence of the moving background was proposed based on the
insect visual system. The two-dimensional array of the analog complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) circuits for
extracting the edge signals of the approaching object without outputting those of the moving background was inserted at the
first stage of the network. At the next stage, analog CMOS circuits for detection of approaching velocity and direction, which
accept the extracted edge signals, were inserted based on the locust vision system. A chip of the proposed network was fabricated
with the 1.2 mm CMOS process. It was clarified from the measured results and the simulation results with the simulation program
with integrated circuit emphasis (SPICE) that the two-dimensional circuits of the first stage can only generate the signals
of target edges. The measured results showed that the chip can detect the approaching velocity and direction of the target
in the image which contains the moving background.

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