Informatieverwerking bij autismespectrumstoornissen

Tijdschrift voor kindergeneeskunde 04/2003; 71(5):67-72. DOI: 10.1007/BF03061430

ABSTRACT Kinderen met een lichte stoornis binnen het autistisch spectrum worden als patiënt later gediagnosticeerd dan kinderen met
autisme. Zij zijn ook in wetenschappelijke zin minder onderzocht, hoewel hun aantal vele malen dat van de kinderen met een
autistische stoornis overtreft. In het gepresenteerde neurocognitief onderzoek blijkt dat deze groep dezelfde kenmerkende
cognitieve stijl heeft als wordt beschreven van de kerngroep. Er is een verhoogde neiging detailgewijs te werk te gaan in
de taken die hen werden voorgelegd en ze maken beperkt gebruik van globale structuren. Het onderzoek in deze groep licht autistische
kinderen met de moderne middelen die inmiddels voorhanden zijn, is van belang om de aard van de stoornissen binnen het autistisch
spectrum verder te doorgronden, en om de patiënten in de zwakke en sterke aspecten van hun functioneren gerichter te kunnen

Children with a mild disorder categorized as belonging to the autistic spectrum are diagnosed as patients later than children
with typical autism. In a scientific context, they have been less extensively examined even though their number far exceeds
that of children diagnosed with an autistic disorder. In the neurocognitive study presented here, it is found that the former
group of children exhibit the same characteristic cognitive style as has been described for the autistic group. Their performance
on the tasks presented shows a weak tendency toward global processing and an increased tendency to work in a detail-oriented
manner. Research into this group of mildly autistic children, using the advanced means that have become available, is of importance.
It will provide us with a deeper insight into the nature of the deficits that fall within the autistic spectrum, and will
contribute to the development of better coaching techniques targeted at the weak and strong aspects of their functioning.

11 Reads
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Without Abstract
    Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 04/1980; 10(1):91-103. DOI:10.1007/BF02408436 · 3.34 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An aspect of cognitive functioning in autistic children was investigated by comparing their performance on the Children's Embedded Figures Test with that of MA-matched normal and MA-and CA-matched mentally retarded non-autistic children. The autistic children were significantly more competent at this task than either group of control children, and also showed qualitatively different strategies. Since the performance of the autistic children was better than predicted from MA and commensurate with CA, it can be regarded as an islet of ability. This finding is discussed in terms of orientation and visualization factors involved in visuo-spatial abilities and is also related to cognitive deficit.
    Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 09/1983; 24(4):613 - 620. DOI:10.1111/j.1469-7610.1983.tb00137.x · 6.46 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Asperger's syndrome is one of the autism spectrum disorders. Affected individuals display considerably impaired capacity for social interaction, unusual special interests, and a tendency towards ritualized behavior. The etiology, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of Asperger's syndrome in adulthood are outlined on the basis of a selective literature review via Medline and information in relevant reference books. Furthermore, the authors report their personal experience at a special clinic for adults. Asperger's syndrome in adulthood can be diagnosed by thorough anamnesis, heteroanamnesis-with emphasis on childhood-and painstaking clinical examination. The considerable psychosocial impairments affect the patients' professional, social, and private lives. The precise etiology is still unknown, but a multifactorial origin with genetic, neurobiological, and psychosocial components appears probable. Although no specific, empirically tested treatment concepts have yet been established, psychotherapeutic elements (structuring and directive interventions) seem to be helpful, together with pharmacotherapy-if indicated-in the presence of comorbidity. Asperger's syndrome should be included in the differential diagnosis of adults who display the corresponding symptoms. The etiopathogenesis and treatment of Asperger's syndrome in adulthood should be further investigated.
    Deutsches Ärzteblatt International 02/2009; 106(5):59-64. DOI:10.3238/arztebl.2009.0059 · 3.52 Impact Factor
Show more