Article

Encapsulation, cold storage, and growth of Hibiscus moscheutos nodal segments

Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture (Impact Factor: 2.61). 11/2006; 87(3):223-231. DOI: 10.1007/s11240-006-9155-6

ABSTRACT Nodal segments of Hibiscus
moscheutos (hardy hibiscus) were excised from proliferating axillary shoot cultures and encapsulated in high density sodium alginate hardened by 50mM CaCl2. Nodal segments 4mm long grew as well as and were easier to encapsulate than 8mm long nodal segments. Although nodal segments grew regardless of the concentration of sodium alginate, 2.75% was determined to produce the highest quality encapsulated nodal segments beads (sufficient alginate coating and ease of use) because of the viscosity produced by the 2.75% sodium alginate solution. When encapsulated segments were stored at 5°C they did not grow in light or darkness. During the first month on fresh proliferation medium under normal incubation conditions following 5°C storage in the dark for up to 24weeks, root number and root and shoot elongation were inhibited linearly as storage time increased. All encapsulated nodal segments survived 24weeks of 5°C storage in two separate experiments. In fact, 80% of encapsulated hardy hibiscus nodal segments survived refrigerated storage for 1½years (78weeks) and after 3months on proliferation medium, the nodal segments produced nearly the same length axillary shoots with the same number of axillary nodes per shoot as compared to encapsulated segments either not stored at 5°C or stored for 24weeks at 5°C. Growth from encapsulated and cold-stored ‘Lord Baltimore’ nodal segments was more vigorous than from ‘Southern Belle’ nodal segments.

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