Application of magnetron sputtering for producing bioactive ceramic coatings on implant materials

Shandong University School of Mechanical Engineering Shandong Jinan 250061 P.R. China
Bulletin of Materials Science (Impact Factor: 0.87). 01/2008; 31(6):877-884. DOI: 10.1007/s12034-008-0140-z

ABSTRACT Radio frequency (RF) magnetron sputtering is a versatile deposition technique that can produce thin, uniform, dense calcium
phosphate coatings. In this paper, principle and character of magnetron sputtering is introduced, and development of the hydroxyapatite
and its composite coatings application is reviewed. In addition, influence of heat treatment on magnetron sputtered coatings
is discussed. The heat treated coatings have been shown to exhibit bioactive behaviour both in vivo and in vitro. At last, the future application of the bioactive ceramic coating deposited by magnetron sputtering is mentioned.

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    ABSTRACT: In this study, the fabrication and characterization of Al/Al2O3 nanotubular arrays on Ti-6Al-4V substrate were carried out. To this end, aluminum thin films were deposited as a first coating layer by direct current (DC) magnetron sputtering with the coating conditions of 300 W, 150 °C and 75 V substrate bias voltage. Al2O3 nanotube array as a second layer was grown on the Al layer by electrochemical anodisation at the constant potential of 20 V within different time periods in a electrolyte solution. For annealing the coated substrate, plasma treatment (PT) was utilized under various conditions to get the best adhesion strength of coating to the substrate. To characterize the coating layers, micro scratch test, Vickers hardness and field emission of scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) were used. Results showed that after the deposition of pure aluminum on the substrate the scratch length, load and failure point were 794.37 μm, 1100 mN and 411.43 μm, respectively. After PT, the best adhesion strength (2038 mN) was obtained at RF power of 60 W. With the increase of the RF power from 60 to 80 W, a reduction in adhesion strength was observed (1525.22 mN). From the microstructural point of view, a homogenous porous structure with an average pore size of 40-60 nm was formed after the anodisation for 10-45 min. During PT, the porous structure was converted to dense alumina layer when the RF power rose from 40 to 80 W. This led to an increase in hardness value from 2.7 to 3.4 GPa. Based on the obtained data, the RF power of 60 W was the optimum condition for plasma treatment of Al/Al2O3 nanotubular arrays on Ti-6Al-4V substrate.
    Applied Surface Science 12/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.apsusc.2014.10.040 · 2.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: With the intention of improving the mechanical properties of Ti-6Al-4V, samples were first coated with pure titanium using the physical vapor deposition (PVD) magnetron sputtering technique. The Taguchi optimization method was used to attain a higher coating on substrate adhesion. Second, pure titanium-coated samples with higher adhesion were anodized to generate TiO2 nanotubes. Next, the TiO2-coated specimens were heat treated at annealing temperatures of 753.15 K and 923.15 K (480 °C and 650 °C). The XRD results indicate that the varying heat treatment temperatures produced different phases, namely, anatase [753.15 K (480 °C)] and rutile [923.15 K (650 °C)]. Finally, the coated samples’ mechanical properties (surface hardness, adhesion, and fretting fatigue life) were investigated. The fretting fatigue lives of TiO2-coated specimens at 753.15 K and 923.15 K (480 °C and 650 °C) annealing temperatures were significantly enhanced compared to uncoated samples at low and high cyclic fatigue. The results also indicate that TiO2-coated samples heat treated at an annealing temperature of 753.15 K (480 °C) (anatase phase) are more suitable for increasing fretting fatigue life at high cyclic fatigue (HCF), while at low cyclic fatigue, the annealing temperature of 923.15 K (650 °C) seemed to be more appropriate. The fretting fatigue life enhancement of thin-film TiO2 nanotubular array-coated Ti-6Al-4V is due to the ceramic nature of TiO2 which produces a hard surface as well as a lower coefficient of friction of the TiO2 nanotube surface that decreases the fretting between contacting components, namely, the sample and friction pad surfaces.
    Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A 01/2014; 45A(2). DOI:10.1007/s11661-013-2043-x · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, titanium thin films were deposited on alumina substrates by radio frequency (RF) magnetron sputtering. The mechanical properties of the Ti coatings were evaluated in terms of adhesion strength at various RF powers, temperatures, and substrate bias voltages. The coating conditions of 400W of RF power, 250°C, and a 75V substrate bias voltage produced the strongest coating adhesion, as obtained by the Taguchi optimisation method. TiO2 nanotube arrays were grown as a second layer on the Ti substrates using electrochemical anodisation at a constant potential of 20V and anodisation times of 15min, 45min, and 75min in a NH4F electrolyte solution (75 ethylene glycol: 25 water). The anodised titanium was annealed at 450°C and 650°C in a N2 gas furnace to obtain different phases of titania, anatase and rutile, respectively. The mechanical properties of the anodised layer were investigated by nanoindentation. The results indicate that Young's modulus and hardness increased with annealing temperature to 650°C.
    02/2013; 20. DOI:10.1016/j.jmbbm.2013.01.020


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