The corrosion behavior and microstructure of high-velocity oxy-fuel sprayed nickel-base amorphous/nanocrystalline coatings
ABSTRACT The corrosion characteristics of two Ni-Cr-Mo-B alloy powders sprayed by the high-velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) process have been
studied using potentiodynamic and potentiostatic corrosion analysis in 0.5 M H2SO4. The deposits were also microstructurally characterized using x-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
(utilizing both secondary electron and backscattered electron modes), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Results
from the microstructural examination of the two alloys have revealed a predominantly amorphous/nanocrystalline face centered
cubic (fcc) matrix containing submicron boride precipitates as well as regions of martensitically transformed laths.
Apparent recrystallization of the amorphous matrix has also been observed in the form of cellular crystals with a fcc structure.
The oxide stringers observed at splat boundaries were found to be columnar grained α-Cr2O3, though regions of the spinel oxide NiCr2O4 with a globular morphology were also observed. The coatings of the two alloys exhibited comparable resistance to corrosion
in 0.5 M H2SO4, as revealed by potentiodynamic tests. They both had rest potentials approximately equal to −300 mV saturated calomel electrode
(SCE) and passive region current densities of ∼1 mA/cm2. Microstructural examination of samples tested potentiostatically revealed the prevalence of degradation at splat boundaries,
especially those where significant oxidation of the deposit occurred.