Current trends in the detection of peroxide-based explosives

Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry (Impact Factor: 3.58). 09/2009; 395(2):301-313. DOI: 10.1007/s00216-009-2968-5

ABSTRACT The increased use of peroxide-based explosives (PBEs) in criminal and terrorist activity has created a demand for continued
innovation in the detection of these agents. This review provides an update to a previous 2006 review on the detection of
PBEs, with a focus in this report on luminescence and fluorescence methods, infrared and Raman spectroscopy, mass spectrometry,
and electrochemical techniques. Newer developments in gas chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography methods
are also discussed. One recent trend that is discussed is an emphasis on field measurements through the use of portable instruments
or portable assay formats. An increase in the use of infrared spectroscopy and mass spectrometry for PBE analysis is also
noted. The analysis of triacetone triperoxide has been the focus in the development of many of these methods, although hexamethylene
triperoxide diamine has received increased attention in PBE detection during the last few years.

KeywordsPeroxide-based explosives-Triacetone triperoxide-Hexamethylene triperoxide diamine-Explosives analysis

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