Can macrophytes be useful in biomanipulation of lakes? The Lake Zwemlust example

‘Vijverhof’ Laboratory Limnological Institute Rijksstraatweg 6 3631 AC Nieuwersluis The Netherlands; Provincial Waterboard of Utrecht Postbox 80300 3508 TH Utrecht The Netherlands
Hydrobiologia (Impact Factor: 2.21). 08/1990; 200-201(1):399-407. DOI: 10.1007/BF02530357

ABSTRACT Lake Zwemlust (area 1.5 ha, Zm 1.5 m) has been the object of an extensive limnological study since its biomanipulation involving removal of planktivorous
fish (bream) in March 1987 and emptying of the lake. In the subsequent summer period of 1987 the Secchi depth increased to
the lake bottom (2.5 m), compared withca 30 cm in the earlier summers. The reaction of submerged macrophytes to improving under-water light climate was rapid. In
summer 1987, besides the introducedChara globularis, 5 species of submerged macrophytes occurred and colonized 10% of the lake area. In 1988 and 1989 only quantitative changes
were observed; new species did not appear, but the area colonized by macrophytes increased by 7 and 10 times, respectively.Elodea nuttallii was dominant among the macrophytes andMougeotia sp. among the filamentous green algae. Their abundance, contributed to transient N-limination of phytoplankton causing a
persistent clear water phase in 1988 and 1989, unlike in 1987 when zooplankton grazing contributed chiefly to the water clarity.
Laboratory bioassays on macrophytes confirmed nitrogen limitation.

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