Tetracycline-regulated gene expression following direct gene transfer into mouse skeletal muscle

Stanford University School of Medicine Department of Neurology 94305 Stanford California 94305 Stanford California
Somatic Cell and Molecular Genetics 06/1995; 21(4):233-240. DOI: 10.1007/BF02255778

ABSTRACT For most experimental and therapeutic applications of gene transfer, regulation of the timing and level of gene expression is preferable to constitutive gene expression. Among the systems that have been developed for pharmacologically controlled gene expression in mammalian cells, the bacterial tetracycline (tet)-responsive system has the advantage that it is dependent on a drug (tet) that is both highly specific and non-toxic. The tet-responsive system has been previously used to modulate expression of cell cycle regulatory proteins in cultured cells, reporter genes in plants and transgenic mice and reporter genes directly injected into the heart. Here we show that orally or parenterally administered tet regulates expression of tet-responsive plasmids injected directly into mouse skeletal muscle. Reporter gene expression was suppressed by two orders of magnitude in the presence of tet, and that suppression was reversed when tet was withdrawn. These data show that skeletal muscle offers an accessible and well characterized target tissue for tet-controlled expression of genesin vivo, suggesting applications to developmental studies and gene therapy.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: High grade gliomas are known to release excitotoxic concentrations of glutamate, a process thought to contribute to their malignant phenotype through enhanced autocrine stimulation of their proliferation and destruction of the surrounding nervous tissue. A model of C6 glioma cells in which expression of the high affinity glutamate transporter GLT-1 can be manipulated both in vivo and in vitro was used in order to investigate the consequences of increasing glutamate clearance on tumour progression. These cells were grafted in the striatum of Wistar rats and doxycycline was administered after validation of tumour development by magnetic resonance imaging. Both GLT-1 expression examined by immunohistochemistry and glutamate transport activity measured on synaptosomes appeared robustly increased in samples from doxycycline-treated animals. Moreover, these rats showed extended survival times as compared to vehicle-treated animals, an effect that was consistent with volumetric data revealing delayed tumour growth. As constitutive deficiency in glutamate clearance at the vicinity of brain tumours is well established, these data illustrate the potential benefit that could be obtained by enhancing glutamate transport by glioma cells in order to reduce their invasive behaviour.
    Experimental Neurology 05/2009; 218(1):56-63. · 4.65 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Numerous preclinical studies have demonstrated the efficacy of viral gene delivery vectors, and recent clinical trials have shown promising results. However, the tight control of transgene expression is likely to be required for therapeutic applications and in some instances, for safety reasons. For this purpose, several ligand-dependent transcription regulatory systems have been developed. Among these, the tetracycline-regulatable system is by far the most frequently used and the most advanced towards gene therapy trials. This review will focus on this system and will describe the most recent progress in the regulation of transgene expression in various organs, including the muscle, the retina and the brain. Since the development of an immune response to the transactivator was observed following gene transfer in the muscle of nonhuman primate, focus will be therefore, given on the immune response to transgene products of the tetracycline inducible promoter.
    Advanced drug delivery reviews 05/2009; 61(7-8):527-41. · 11.96 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Since 1990 when the first clinical gene therapy trial was conducted, much attention and considerable promise has been given to this form of treatment. Gene therapy has been used with success in patients suffering from severe combined immunodeficiency syndromes (X-SCID and ADA-deficiency), Leber's congenital amaurosis, hemophilia, β-thalassemia and adrenoleukodystrophy. Last year, the first therapeutic vector (Glybera) for treatment of lipoprotein lipase deficiency has been registred in European Union. Nevertheless, there are still several numerous issues that need to be improved to make this technique more safe, effective and easily accessible for patients. Introduction of the therapeutic gene to the given cells should provide the level of expression which will restore the production of therapeutic protein to normal values or will provide therapeutic efficacy despite not fully physiological expression. However, in numerous diseases the expression of therapeutic genes has to be kept at certain level for some time, and then might be required to be switched off to be activated again when worsening of the symptoms may aggravate the risk of disease relapse. In such cases the promoters which are regulated by local conditions may be more required. In this article the special emphasis is to discuss the strategies of regulation of gene expression by endogenous stimuli. Particularly, the hypoxia- or miRNA-regulated vectors offer the possibilities of tight but, at the same time, condition-dependent and cell-specific expression. Such means have been already tested in certain pathophysiological conditions. This creates the chance for the translational approaches required for development of effective treatments of so far incurable diseases.
    Gene 04/2013; · 2.20 Impact Factor