Article

Discrimination between the soil yeast speciesWilliopsis saturnus andWilliopsis suaveolens by the polymerase chain reaction with the universal primer N21

Microbiology (Impact Factor: 0.65). 04/2012; 69(2):229-233. DOI: 10.1007/BF02756205

ABSTRACT Thirty-five yeast strains of the genusWilliopsis, analyzed by the polymerase chain reaction with the universal primer N21, were found to belong to two sibling species,W. saturnus andW. suaveolens. Such affiliation of the strains studied agrees well with the results of genetic and physiological investigations.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
37 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Fifty-three strains of saturn-spored yeasts were analyzed by means of restriction analysis of the amplified fragment of rDNA which comprised the 5.8S rRNA gene and the internal transcribed spacers ITS1 and ITS2. The use of endonucleases HaeIII and MspI enabled clear differentiation of yeast species Williopsis mucosa, W. salicorniae, Zygowilliopsis californica, Komagataea pratensis, and the Williopsis sensu stricto complex. Minisatellite primer M13 was proposed for the differentiation between twin species of Williopsis sensu stricto, which have identical restriction profiles. PCR with primer M13 enabled reidentification of a number of collection strains, species identification of saturn-spored isolates from the Far East, and detection of three strains affiliated to novel taxa. The latter have unique PCR profiles and differ in the nucleotide sequences of ITS1 and ITS2 fragments of rDNA. Possible variations in the results obtained with different molecular methods are discussed.
    Mikrobiologiia 01/2004; 73(6):768-76.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the origin of the yeasts involved in the spontaneous alcoholic fermentation of an Alsatian wine. During three successive years, must was collected at different stages of the winemaking process and fermented in the laboratory or in the cellar. Saccharomyces yeasts were sampled at the beginning and at the end of the fermentations. Saccharomyces cerevisiae clones were genetically characterized by inter-delta PCR. Non-S. cerevisiae clones were identified as Saccharomyces uvarum by PCR-RFLP on MET2 gene and characterized at the strain level by karyotyping. The composition of the Saccharomyces population in the vineyard, after crushing and in the vat was analyzed. This led to three main results. First, the vineyard Saccharomyces population was rather homogeneous. Second, new non-resident strains had appeared in the must during the winemaking process. Finally, the yeast population in the vat only consisted in S. uvarum strains. This 3-year study has enabled us to show the involvement of indigenous S. uvarum in the alcoholic fermentation. This study gives a first insight into the polymorphism of S. uvarum strains involved in a spontaneous alcoholic fermentation.
    Journal of Applied Microbiology 02/2004; 97(6):1140-8. · 2.20 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The genomic constitution of different S. bayanus strains and natural interspecific Saccharomyces hybrids has been studied by genetic and molecular methods. Unlike S. bayanus var. uvarum, some S. bayanus var. bayanus strains (the type culture CBS 380, CBS 378, CBS 425, CBS 1548) harbour a number of S. cerevisiae subtelomeric sequences: Y', pEL50, SUC, RTM and MAL. The two varieties, having 86-100% nDNA-nDNA reassociation, are partly genetically isolated from one another but completely isolated from S. cerevisiae. Genetic and molecular data support the maintaining of var. bayanus and var. uvarum strains in the species S. bayanus. Using Southern hybridization with species-specific molecular markers, RFLP of the MET2 gene and flow cytometry analysis, we showed that the non-S. cerevisiae parents are different in lager brewing yeasts and in wine hybrid strains. Our results suggest that S. pastorianus is a hybrid between S. cerevisiae and S. bayanus var. bayanus, while S. bayanus var. uvarum contributed to the formation of the wine hybrids S6U and CID1. According to the partial sequence of ACT1 gene and flow cytometry analysis, strain CID1 is a triple hybrid between S. cerevisiae, S. kudriavzevii and S. bayanus var. uvarum.
    Yeast 11/2005; 22(14):1099-115. · 1.96 Impact Factor