Discrimination between the soil yeast speciesWilliopsis saturnus andWilliopsis suaveolens by the polymerase chain reaction with the universal primer N21
ABSTRACT Thirty-five yeast strains of the genusWilliopsis, analyzed by the polymerase chain reaction with the universal primer N21, were found to belong to two sibling species,W. saturnus andW. suaveolens. Such affiliation of the strains studied agrees well with the results of genetic and physiological investigations.
SourceAvailable from: Maria Teresa Fernández-Espinar[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Random amplified polymorphic DNA-polymerase chain reaction (RAPD-PCR) analysis was applied to differentiate the sibling species Saccharomyces bayanus, S. cerevisiae, S. paradoxus and S. pastorianus, which constitute the most common strains of the Saccharomyces sensu stricto complex. Six decamer primers of arbitrary sequences were used to amplify the DNA of 58 strains. Species-specific (diagnostic) bands were obtained for each species. Two phylogenetic trees constructed by the neighbour-joining and maximum parsimony methods clearly showed that the delimitation of these related yeast species is possible by using RAPD analysis. Four groups of strains, corresponding to the species S. bayanus, S. cerevisiae, S. paradoxus and S. pastorianus, were obtained. Within the S. bayanus taxon, two groups of strains were observed. One includes the former type strain of S. uvarum, CECT1969(T), and closely related wine strains (S. bayanus var. uvarum), whilst the other contains S. bayanus type strain CECT1941(T) and strains CECT1991 and 10513 (S. bayanus var. bayanus). The heterogeneous S. paradoxus group was divided into three lineages, corresponding to different geographic origin, American, Japanese and European populations. In addition, due to the multilocus nature of the RAPD-PCR marker, this method is both useful and appropriate for the identification of the hybrid origin of S. pastorianus. The hybrid nature was deduced from the analysis of the fraction of bands shared by each hybrid strain and the parental species. Among the 58 strains analysed, six S. pastorianus strains were hybrids, although the fraction of genome coming from each parent varied depending on the strain.Yeast 11/2003; 20(14):1213-26. DOI:10.1002/yea.1034 · 1.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Using nine primer pairs, amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) analysis was conducted to characterize industrial, laboratory and type strains of Saccharomyces sensu stricto. S. cerevisiae, S. bayanus, S. carlsbergensis and S. paradoxus had species-specific AFLP profiles, with some variations among the strains. Nineteen wine, ale, bakery, whisky and laboratory strains of S. cerevisiae were differentiated by two primer pairs, while out of 19 strains of sake yeast, two groups consisting of two and eight strains were not differentiated using nine primer pairs. A phenogram of 41 strains of S. cerevisiae, two strains of S. bayanus, the type strain of S. pastorianus, three strains of S. carlsbergensis, one hybrid strain of S. cerevisiae and S. bayanus and the type strain of S. paradoxus was obtained by the unweighted pair group method, using arithmetic averages (UPGMA) based on the percentage of shared AFLP fragments of each sample pair. This phenogram demonstrated clear separations of S. cerevisiae, S. bayanus, S. carlsbergensis and S. paradoxus. However, S. pastorianus ATCC 12752(T) showed the highest percentages of shared fragments with the strains of S. bayanus, and formed a cluster with them. Except for the type strain of S. pastorianus, the percentages of shared fragments showed a similar tendency with reported data of DNA relatedness. The cluster of S. cerevisiae separated into three subclusters: one consisting of sake and shochu strains and a whisky strain; another consisting of bakery, wine, ale and whisky strains; and a third consisting of laboratory strains.Yeast 09/2001; 18(12):1145-54. DOI:10.1002/yea.767 · 1.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the origin of the yeasts involved in the spontaneous alcoholic fermentation of an Alsatian wine. During three successive years, must was collected at different stages of the winemaking process and fermented in the laboratory or in the cellar. Saccharomyces yeasts were sampled at the beginning and at the end of the fermentations. Saccharomyces cerevisiae clones were genetically characterized by inter-delta PCR. Non-S. cerevisiae clones were identified as Saccharomyces uvarum by PCR-RFLP on MET2 gene and characterized at the strain level by karyotyping. The composition of the Saccharomyces population in the vineyard, after crushing and in the vat was analyzed. This led to three main results. First, the vineyard Saccharomyces population was rather homogeneous. Second, new non-resident strains had appeared in the must during the winemaking process. Finally, the yeast population in the vat only consisted in S. uvarum strains. This 3-year study has enabled us to show the involvement of indigenous S. uvarum in the alcoholic fermentation. This study gives a first insight into the polymorphism of S. uvarum strains involved in a spontaneous alcoholic fermentation.Journal of Applied Microbiology 02/2004; 97(6):1140-8. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2672.2004.02394.x · 2.39 Impact Factor