Effect of selected phytochemicals on cell proliferation in A549 lung cancer cells
ABSTRACT Effects of quercetin 3-β-d-glucoside, resveratrol, and curcumin on A549 lung cancer cell proliferation and the mechanism of these phytochemicals in
regulating apoptosis and cell cycle arrest were investigated. A549 cells were treated with quercetin 3-β-d-glucoside, resveratrol, or curcumin at 37°C for 96 hr and cell viability was measured with 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium
bromide (MTT) assay. Proteins related to apoptosis and cell cycle in A549 cells were quantified with Western blotting assay.
Quercetin 3-β-d-glucoside, resveratrol, and curcumin inhibited A549 cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner (p<0.05). Quercetin 3-β-Dglucoside significantly decrease the expression level of CDK4 at concentrations of 5 mM and above (p<0.05). Curcumin lowered expression level of Bcl-2, CDK4, and cyclin D1 at concentrations of 100, 50, and above, and 50 mM
and above, respectively (p<0.05). These results suggest that phytochemicals, which can be found in a normal diet, inhibit lung cancer cell proliferation
and regulate the expression of the proteins involved in apoptosis and cell cycle.
Keywordslung cancer-A549 cell-quercetin 3-β-Dglucoside-resveratrol-curcumin
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ABSTRACT: Oxidants and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) activate transcription factors such as nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), which is involved in the transcription of proinflammatory mediators, including interleukin-8 (IL-8). Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) is a naturally occurring flavonoid present in the spice turmeric, which has a long traditional use as a chemotherapeutic agent for many diseases. We hypothesize that curcumin may possess both antioxidant and antiinflammatory properties by increasing the glutathione levels and inhibiting oxidant- and cytokine-induced NF-kappaB activation and IL-8 release from cultured alveolar epithelial cells (A549). Treatment of A549 cells with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2; 100 microM) and TNF-alpha (10 ng/ml) significantly increased NF-kappaB and activator protein-1 (AP-1) activation, as well as IL-8 release. Curcumin inhibited both H2O2- and TNF-alpha-mediated activation of NF-kappaB and AP-1, and IL-8 release. Furthermore, an increased level of GSH and glutamylcysteine ligase catalytic subunit mRNA expression was observed in curcumin-treated cells as compared with untreated cells. Curcumin interacted directly with superoxide anion (O2*-) and hydroxyl radical (*OH) as shown by electron paramagnetic resonance, quenching the interaction of the radicals with the spin trap, Tempone-H. This suggests that curcumin has multiple properties: as an oxygen radical scavenger, antioxidant through modulation of glutathione levels, and antiinflammatory agent through inhibition of IL-8 release in lung cells.Antioxidants and Redox Signaling 01/2005; 7(1-2):32-41. · 7.67 Impact Factor