Room-temperature single photon sources with definite circular and linear polarizations

Optics and Spectroscopy (Impact Factor: 0.56). 01/2010; 108(3):417-424. DOI: 10.1134/S0030400X10030161

ABSTRACT We report experimental results of two room-temperature single photon sources with definite polarization based on emitters
embedded in either cholesteric or nematic liquid crystal hosts. In the first case, a cholesteric 1-D photonic bandgap microcavity
provides circular polarization of definite handedness of single photons from single colloidal semiconductor quantum dots (nanocrystals).
In these experiments, the spectral position of the quantum dot fluorescence maximum is at the bandedge of a photonic bandgap
structure. The host does not destroy fluorescence antibunching of single emitters. In the second case, photons with definite
linear polarization are obtained from single dye molecules doped in a planar-aligned nematic liquid crystal host. The combination
of sources with definite linear and circular polarization states of single photons can be used in a practical implementation
of the BB84 quantum key distribution protocol.

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    ABSTRACT: Definite circular and linear polarizations of room-temperature single-photon sources, which can serve as polarization bases for quantum key distribution, are produced by doping planar-aligned liquid crystal hosts with single fluorescence emitters. Chiral 1-D photonic bandgap microcavities for a single handedness of circularly polarized light were prepared from both monomeric and oligomeric cholesteric liquid crystals. Fluorescent emitters, such as nanocrystal quantum dots, nitrogen vacancy color centers in nanodiamonds, and rare-earth ions in nanocrystals, were doped into these microcavity structures and used to produce circularly polarized fluorescence of definite handedness. Additionally, we observed circularly polarized resonances in the spectrum of nanocrystal quantum dot fluorescence at the edge of the cholesteric microcavity's photonic stopband. For this polarization we obtained a ~4.9 enhancement of intensity compared to the polarization of the opposite handedness that propagates without photonic bandgap microcavity effects. Such a resonance is indicative of coupling of quantum dot fluorescence to the cholesteric microcavity mode. We have also used planar-aligned nematic liquid crystal hosts to align DiI dye molecules doped into the host, thereby providing a single-photon source of linear polarization of definite direction. Antibunching is demonstrated for fluorescence of nanocrystal quantum dots, nitrogen vacancy color centers, and dye molecules in these liquid crystal structures.
    Journal of Physics Conference Series 02/2013; 414(1):2006-.
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    ABSTRACT: Optical materials based on cholesteric liquid crystals (LCs) doped with fluorescent CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs) have been developed and demonstrated to have a wide photonic band gap. It has been shown that the fluorescence emission of QDs embedded in LCs is circularly polarized and that the dissymmetry factor of this polarization may be optically or electrically controlled via conformational changes in the helical structure of the LC matrix. The possibility of photochemical patterning or image recording using these materials has been demonstrated; the recorded information can be read through changes in the dissymmetry factor of circular polarization of QDs emission. The developed photo- and electro-active materials with a controlled degree of fluorescence circular polarization may be used as on-demand single photon sources in photonics, optoelectronics, and quantum cryptography, as well as for development of nanophotonic systems capable of low-threshold lasing.
    Proc SPIE 01/2012; 8475(Liquid Crystals XVI):847514.
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    ABSTRACT: Novel glass-forming photoactive cholesteric mixtures doped with CdSe quantum dots were prepared and studied. The photooptical and fluorescent properties of these materials were studied. The possibility of phototuning of circularly polarised emission using ultraviolet irradiation was demonstrated.
    Liquid Crystals 01/2011; 38(6):737-742. · 1.96 Impact Factor

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