Article

Physical, Psychological, and Sexual Intimate Partner Aggression Among Newlywed Couples: Longitudinal Prediction of Marital Satisfaction

Journal of Family Violence (Impact Factor: 1.17). 10/2010; 25(7):689-699. DOI: 10.1007/s10896-010-9328-2

ABSTRACT This study examined associations between physical, psychological, and sexual intimate partner aggression (IPA) perpetration
during the first year of marriage (T1) and victim marital satisfaction one (T2) and two (T3) years later among a sample of
202 newlywed couples. Prevalence rates of all forms of IPA were consistent with those documented in prior research. Higher
levels of all types of IPA generally were associated with lower victim marital satisfaction at all time points, when controlling
for initial levels of satisfaction. Couples who reported severe bidirectional psychological IPA demonstrated lower husband
and wife marital satisfaction at T2 and lower husband satisfaction at T3 than couples who reported husband-only, wife-only,
or no psychological IPA. Analyses examining the relative predictive abilities of all forms of IPA perpetration showed that
psychological IPA was the most consistent unique contributor of victim marital satisfaction. Study findings highlight the
importance of psychological IPA, in addition to physical IPA, in examinations of correlates of marital satisfaction.

KeywordsPartner abuse-Marital satisfaction-Physical aggression-Psychological aggression-Sexual aggression

0 Followers
 · 
226 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: The goal of the present study is to analyze the prevalence of bidirectional psychological and physical aggression in intimate partner relationships using the Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS-2), and to determine the influence of the variables age and relationship duration. Method: The participants were 3,578 heterosexual couples from the Region of Madrid. Results: Bidirectional aggression was the most frequent pattern in the dyadic types of aggression examined; we analyzed the prevalences of mutual psychological (46%) and physical aggression (4%), reciprocal psychological (41%) and physical aggression (3%), and bidirectional psychological (80%) and physical aggression (25%). The variables age and relationship duration were significant predictors of bidirectional physical and psychological aggression. Younger couples and couples with less than a one-year relationship duration assaulted each other the most. Conclusions: These data provide an objective view of bidirectional aggression in Spanish community samples and serve as a reference point for prevention and intervention programs and forensic reports.
    Psicothema 08/2014; 26(3):343-8. DOI:10.7334/psicothema2013.262 · 0.96 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study examined whether spirituality and dyadic coping protected partners from becoming psychologically aggressive toward each other using secondary, cross-sectional data from a sample of 104 Latino couples living in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. The model tested was based on Bodenmann’s Systemic Transactional model and incorporated an Actor–Partner Interdependence Model approach. Structural equation modeling results indicated that each partner’s spirituality had a direct negative effect on their own psychological aggression and a direct positive effect on their own supportive dyadic coping and the couple’s common dyadic coping. Each partner’s spirituality also had an indirect effect on both partners’ psychological aggression through increases in the couple’s common dyadic coping. Supportive dyadic coping was not found to mediate the relation between spirituality and psychological aggression. Limitations of the study as well as clinical, programmatic, and research implications are discussed.
    Journal of Family Issues 03/2013; 34(3):323-346. DOI:10.1177/0192513X12452252 · 1.03 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Psychological Aggression (PA) is a common and serious problem in the relationships of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals. It includes a range of behaviors that are used to hurt, coerce, control, and intimidate intimate partners. This paper reviewed the conceptualizations of PA, summarized the extant literature on PA among LGB women and men, and offered recommendations to improve the investigation of PA among LGB individuals. The conceptualization, definition, measurement, and prevalence of PA perpetration and victimization vary widely across studies. Different definitions and methods of assessing PA, a lack of consistency in examining and reporting psychometric information on measures used to assess PA among LGB samples, and varying sample characteristics make it difficult to compare results across studies. As a result, we know relatively little about the antecedents and consequences of PA among LGB individuals. In order to advance research in this area and increase understanding of this serious public health problem, it is necessary to: (1) clarify what constitutes PA; (2) specify the psychometric aspects of measures used to assess PA; (3) report details about sexual minority participants' sexual orientation/identity; (4) examine LGB-specific variables; and (5) utilize advanced methodological and statistical approaches to studying PA.
    Aggression and Violent Behavior 05/2014; 19(3). DOI:10.1016/j.avb.2014.04.001 · 1.95 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
75 Downloads
Available from
May 29, 2014

Jill Panuzio Scott