Feasibility and efficacy of combined cisplatin and irinotecan chemotherapy for poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas
Department of Hematology and Oncology, Cancer Institute Hospital, Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Ariake, Tokyo, Japan. Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
(Impact Factor: 2.02).
06/2012; 42(8):697-703. DOI: 10.1093/jjco/hys085
No standard treatment has been established for poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma; the usual recommended treatment is based on the strategy for small cell lung carcinoma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the response of poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma to the combination of irinotecan and cisplatin in one institution.
We retrospectively reviewed 50 poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma patients treated from September 2005 to April 2011 in our institution. Patients were divided into two stages: limited disease or extensive disease. Forty-four patients received the combination chemotherapy of irinotecan and cisplatin, consisting of 4-week cycles of 60 mg/m(2) irinotecan on days 1, 8, 15 and 60 mg/m(2) cisplatin on day 1.
Median age was 60 years. Median follow-up time was 11.4 months. Overall survival did not reach the median, and 1-year overall survival was 67%. The response rate was 50% (64% at first line), and progression-free survival was 4.8 months (7.3 months at first line). Grade 3-4 hematologic adverse events were seen in 29 patients (66%) and Grade 3-4 non-hematologic adverse events were seen in 20 patients (45%), but no patients died of adverse events. Multivariate analysis showed a statistically significant relationship with neuron-specific enolase elevation and poor overall survival (P= 0.016, hazard ratio 6.261, 95% confidence interval). The combination chemotherapy of irinotecan and cisplatin is moderately effective and feasible, and it should be considered as a treatment option for poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma.
Available from: Paulo M Hoff
- "The authors observed a 75% response rate with a median progression free survival (PFS) of nearly 7 months.26 Nakano et al. also reported an overall response rate of 50%, PFS of 4.8 months and 1-year overall survival of 67% in patients treated with IP.27 Untreated patients had a better outcome, with a response rate of 64% and PFS of 7.3 months. A large series of patients with PDNEC treated with platinum-based combinations was presented by Yamagushi and colleagues.28 "
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ABSTRACT: Extrapulmonary poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (PDNEC) is a rare and highly aggressive neoplasm for which the optimal chemotherapy remains unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of patients with PDNEC treated with cisplatin and irinotecan (IP) and perform a review of the literature. From 2008 to 2012, patients with advanced PDNEC (Ki67≥20%) who received the IP combination were selected for analysis. Radiologic responses were determined through Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors criteria. Twenty-eight patients were included. The median age at diagnosis was 57 years and the most common presentation was pancreatic PDNEC. Twenty-five patients (89%) received chemotherapy with cisplatin and irinotecan and three received carboplatin and irinotecan. Forty-six percent of the patients achieved objective response and the median time to tumor progression was 3.7 months. The median overall survival was 11.7 months. Thirteen patients (46%) had treatment interruptions or dose reductions due to grade 3/4 toxicity. This retrospective cohort of advanced extrapulmonary PDNEC patients suggests that the IP combination is feasible and resulted in similar response rate and median survival to other treatments previously reported.
Rare tumors 07/2013; 5(3):e39. DOI:10.4081/rt.2013.e39
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ABSTRACT: Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (GEP-NET) have heterogenic clinical presentations. The majority of GEP-NET tumours have an indolent behaviour, but patients will eventually develop symptoms of tumour progression or hormone secretion that may require systemic medical interventions. Cytotoxic chemotherapy has been tested in GEP-NETs since the 80s, but treatment recommendations are controversial in many instances. Patient selection is mandatory for optimal use of chemotherapy. Important prognostic factors such as primary tumour site, tumour differentiation, tumour staging and proliferation index have been identified and validated in retrospective and prospective series. The combination of those factors and the natural history of GEP-NET provide valuable information with respect to treatment planning. In this report we provide treatment recommendations to improve systemic therapy in patients with advanced GEP-NETs based on a comprehensive review of the literature.
Best practice & research. Clinical gastroenterology 12/2012; 26(6):843-54. DOI:10.1016/j.bpg.2012.12.001 · 3.48 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas (PDNEC) are rare tumours that can originate from any site of the gastrointestinal tract exhibiting an overall aggressive behaviour that may vary between tumours according to the degree of cellular proliferation. The majority of PDNEC are locally advanced or metastatic at presentation, and are only infrequently associated with secretory hormonal syndromes. PDNEC exhibit aggressive histological features (high mitotic rate, high Ki67 labelling index and presence of necrosis) and are further subdivided into two morphological subgroups, small and large cell variants. As PDNEC express somatostatin receptors less frequently, somatostatin receptor scintigraphy is usually negative, whereas 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography appears to be the best method of evaluating disease spread and guiding further treatment. PDNEC have traditionally been treated similarly to small cell lung carcinoma, although they show a number of different clinical and histopathologic features. First line systemic chemotherapy with a platinum-based agent and etoposide is used for patients with metastatic disease, leading to variable response rates that are often of relative short duration. Sequential or concurrent chemoradiation is recommended for patients with locoregional disease. In patients with localised disease, complete surgical resection should be offered followed by adjuvant treatment (chemotherapy with or without radiotherapy); the value of neoadjuvant chemotherapy has not been evaluated as yet. The role of second line therapies is evolving, with temozolomide being a promising agent. However, the majority of data regarding PDNEC is hampered by the small number of series and their retrospective nature, making it important that multicentre co-operative studies be performed.
Endokrynologia Polska 03/2013; 64(1):60-72. · 0.99 Impact Factor
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