Effect of through-plane motion on left ventricular rotation: A study using slice-following harmonic phase imaging
ABSTRACT Noninvasive quantification of regional left ventricular rotation may improve understanding of cardiac function. Current methods used to quantify rotation typically acquire data on a set of prescribed short-axis slices, neglecting effects due to through-plane myocardial motion. We combine principles of slice-following tagged imaging with harmonic phase analysis methods to account for through-plane motion in regional rotation measurements. We compare rotation and torsion measurements obtained using our method to those obtained from imaging datasets acquired without slice-following. Our results in normal volunteers demonstrate differences in the general trends of average and regional rotation-time plots in midbasal slices and the rotation versus circumferential strain loops. We observe substantial errors in measured peak average rotation of the order of 58% for basal slices (due to change in the pattern of the curve), -6.6% for midventricular slices, and -8.5% for apical slices; and an average error in base-to-apex torsion of 19% when through-plane motion is not considered. This study concludes that due to an inherent base-to-apex gradient in rotation that exists in the left ventricular, accounting for through-plane motion is critical to the accuracy of left ventricular rotation quantification. Magn Reson Med, 2012. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Article: Improved myocardial tagging contrast[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Myocardial tagging is a new noninvasive MRI method that allows the study of myocardial motion with high accuracy. However, with conventional tagging techniques tagging contrast is impaired at later heart phases due to longitudinal relaxation. An improved method, called Complementary SPAtial Modulation of Magnetization (CSPAMM), which separates the component of the magnetization with the tagging information from the relaxed component by subtraction of two measurements with first a positive and then a negative tagging grid, is presented. This technique improves the grid contrast and greatly facilitates the automatic evaluation of the myocardial motion. Thus the motion assessment of the entire heart cycle becomes possible. The improvements are documented by numerical simulations and by experiments on phantoms and on human volunteers.Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 08/1993; 30(2):191-200. DOI:10.1002/mrm.1910300207 · 3.40 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Myocardial tagging has shown to be a useful magnetic resonance modality for the assessment and quantification of local myocardial function. Many myocardial tagging techniques suffer from a rapid fading of the tags, restricting their application mainly to systolic phases of the cardiac cycle. However, left ventricular diastolic dysfunction has been increasingly appreciated as a major cause of heart failure. Subtraction based slice-following CSPAMM myocardial tagging has shown to overcome limitations such as fading of the tags. Remaining impediments to this technique, however, are extensive scanning times (approximately 10 min), the requirement of repeated breath-holds using a coached breathing pattern, and the enhanced sensitivity to artifacts related to poor patient compliance or inconsistent depths of end-expiratory breath-holds. We therefore propose a combination of slice-following CSPAMM myocardial tagging with a segmented EPI imaging sequence. Together with an optimized RF excitation scheme, this enables to acquire as many as 20 systolic and diastolic grid-tagged images per cardiac cycle with a high tagging contrast during a short period of sustained respiration.MAGMA Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics Biology and Medicine 11/1999; 9(1-2):85-91. DOI:10.1007/BF02634597 · 2.87 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In cardiomyocytes, generation of restoring forces (RFs) responsible for elastic recoil involves deformation of the sarcomeric protein titin in conjunction with shortening below slack length. At the left ventricular (LV) level, recoil and filling by suction require contraction to an end-systolic volume (ESV) below equilibrium volume (Veq) as well as large-scale deformations, for example, torsion or twist. Little is known about RFs and suction in the failing ventricle. We undertook a comparison of determinants of suction in open-chest dogs previously subjected to 2 weeks of pacing tachycardia (PT) and controls. To assess the ability of the LV to contract below Veq, we used a servomotor to clamp left atrial pressure and produce nonfilling diastoles, allowing measurement of fully relaxed pressure at varying volumes. We quantified twist with sonomicrometry. We also assessed transmural ratios of N2B to N2BA titin isoforms and total titin to myosin heavy chain (MHC) protein. In PT, the LV did not contract below Veq, even with marked reduction of volume (end-diastolic pressure [EDP], 1 to 2 mm Hg), whereas in controls ESV was less than Veq when EDP was less than approximately 5 mm Hg. In PT, both systolic twist and diastolic untwisting rate were reduced, and there was exaggerated transmural variation in titin isoform and titin-to-MHC ratios, consistent with the more extensible N2BA being present in larger amounts in the subendocardium. Thus, in PT, determinants of suction at the level of the LV are markedly impaired. The altered transmural titin isoform gradient is consistent with a decrease in RFs and may contribute to these findings.Circulation Research 09/2000; 87(3):235-40. DOI:10.1161/01.RES.87.3.235 · 11.09 Impact Factor