[Extraocular manifestations of Behcet's disease].
ABSTRACT Behcet's disease is a multisystem disorder with the histopathological correlate of leukocytoclastic vasculitis. The classification criteria for the disease include the presence of recurrent oral aphthous ulcers combined with at least two other manifestations, such as genital aphthous ulcers, skin manifestations (mostly erythema nodosa or pseudofolliculitis) and ocular manifestations (panuveitis or posterior uveitis with retinal vasculitis). A positive pathergy test is regarded as pathognomonic for the disease and a sterile papulopustule occurs after a sterile needle prick of the forearm. However, this test is positive in only 15% of the patients. The prognosis of Behcet's disease becomes unfavorable when vital organs are involved. This is the case for involvement of the central nervous system which occurs in 10% of patients, arterial and pulmonary arterial aneurysms and gastrointestinal involvement, which clinically and histopathologically is difficult to differentiate from inflammatory bowel disease but tends to perforate. Oligoarthritis, which occurs in approximately 50% of the patients, causes problems concerning the differential diagnosis from classical forms of spondyloarthritis. Behcet's disease is associated with HLA-B51 in 50-80% of the cases depending on the country of origin of the patient. The prognosis becomes unfavorable if the disease manifests in young male patients. The treatment of extraocular manifestations depends on the aggressiveness. Milder manifestations are treated with low dose prednisolone and steroid sparing immunosuppressants, such as azathioprine or cyclosporine A. In cases with more severe manifestations, such as central nervous system (CNS) involvement cyclophosphamide or TNF antagonists and in selected cases also interferon alpha can be considered.
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ABSTRACT: A prospective study of arthritis was performed in 47 patients with Behçet's disease followed up over a 47-month period (mean 19.25 months, SD 14.09). These patients had a total of 80 episodes of arthritis, which were analysed for joint distribution and symmetry, in 56 of which the duration could also be determined. Attacks were oligoarticular, affecting up to 4 joints per patient, 54 (68%) being monoarticular. Knees, ankles, and wrists were the most commonly involved joints. Involvement of spinal, shoulder, hip, and sacroiliac joints was rare. The arthritis was usually not deforming and subacute; 82% (46/56) of the attacks lasted for 2 months or less and 18% (10/56) for between 3 months and 4 years. The ESR was moderately elevated during the attacks. In 32 specimens the synovial fluid was inflammatory (cell count 14.7 +/- 10.1 x 10(9)/l), but in 19 (59%) a good mucin clot formed. Synovial biopsy in 12 patients revealed superficial ulceration, paucity of plasma cells, and in 5 instances lymphoid follicle formation.Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 11/1983; 42(5):505-15. · 9.11 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Behçet's disease is a rare chronic autoimmune vasculitis with characteristic skin findings. Vascular involvement generally affects veins more than arteries, and coronary arterial involvement is extremely uncommon. Here we report the significant coronary artery aneurysms detected in a 41-year-old man with Behçet's disease who had been in remission for 13 years. Our case illustrates the necessity of initial non-invasive cardiac assessment of patients with Behçet's disease.Cardiovascular revascularization medicine: including molecular interventions 01/2009; 10(2):128-9.
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ABSTRACT: Light microscopic studies of 55 patients with complete and incomplete types of Behçet's syndrome were reviewed. We reported here 39 skin biopsies from 30 patients with cutaneous lesions of oral, and genital ulcers, folliculitis, erythema multiforme, and thrombophlebitis. Leukocytoclastic vasculitis was seen in 5 of 12 (42%) cases of oral ulcers and 2 of 7 (29%) of genital ones. Lymphocytic vasculitis was demonstrated in 3 of 12 (25%) cases of oral ulcers and 4 of 7 (57%) of genital ulcers. However, the vasculitis was observed only locally in the areas with moderate or severe inflammation. From the biopsy specimens of our cases with fully developed mucocutaneous lesions of Behçet's syndrome, it appears that the forms of vasculitis that are often emphasized in the literature are a phenomenon secondary to the intense inflammation seen in such cutaneous lesions.The Journal of Dermatology 07/1990; 17(6):333-41. · 1.77 Impact Factor