Article

[Environmental governance and the green economy].

Faculdade de Educação, Universidade de São Paulo, 05508-900 São Paulo, SP.
Ciencia & saude coletiva 06/2012; 17(6):1469-78. DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232012000600011
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The Rio+20 Conference will mobilize the global community in 2012 to participate in a challenging debate on the global environmental reality and the existing modus operandi with respect to the broad and generic topics of development and the environment. One of the core themes of this meeting is the transition to a green economy in the context of sustainable development and the eradication of poverty. The issue of Global Environmental Governance will top the agenda of the Rio +20 discussions, with a view to promoting and accelerating the transition to sustainable societies. It presents, often in a controversial way, the creation of conditions to define new institutional spaces and shared decision-making processes. Before embarking on the discussion about what king of sustainability should be behind the Green Economy, and its applicability, the scope of this article is to ask readers to reflect on what should be the priority in the discussion on environmental governance This should be explained to the extent that there is a need to change the existing mechanisms of profoundly unequal exploitation of resources, which blocks progress in decision-making processes, as decisions of the few create a perverse logic of appropriation of natural resources and the non-resolution of social exclusion.

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    ABSTRACT: Por um diálogo de saberes entre pescadores artesanais, marisqueiras e o direito ambiental do trabalho Towards a dialogue of knowledge between subsistence fishermen, shellfish gatherers and environmental labor law Resumo O diálogo de saberes entre pescadores artesanais e marisqueiras sobre o direito a um meio ambiente de trabalho saudável se estabelece como um novo processo de reivindicação para as melhorias das condições de trabalho de populações afetadas por problemas ambientais em geral, e es-pecialmente na Baía de Todos os Santos (BTS). As comunidades do entorno da BTS queixam-se ao Ministério Público Estadual dos efeitos danosos à saúde e ao ambiente das indústrias instaladas no Centro Industrial de Aratu e Porto de Aratu. Diversos pesquisadores das áreas de química, toxi-cologia, oceanografia, biologia e medicina da Uni-versidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA) vêm aprofun-dando estudos sobre os efeitos da contaminação da BTS em variadas publicações científicas. O objeti-vo deste artigo é refletir sobre a contribuição desse diálogo na área do direito ambiental do trabalho (DAT) no Brasil. A metodologia deste estudo en-volveu entrevistas semiestruturada, observação participante, análise documental. Conclui-se que legislação ambientalista/trabalhista do Brasil ne-cessita incluir o diálogo de saberes para garantir o acesso a um meio ambiente de trabalho saudável para pescadores artesanais e marisqueiras. Palavras-chave Direito ambiental do trabalho, Abstract The dialogue of knowledge between subsistence fishermen and shellfish gatherers on the right to a healthy working environment is es-tablished as a new process for claims for an im-provement in working conditions by populations affected by environmental problems, and espe-cially in Todos os Santos Bay (BTS). The com-munities surrounding the BTS have complained to the State Public Prosecutor about the harmful effects to health and the environment caused by the Aratu Industrial Complex and the Port of Aratu. Researchers in the fields of, chemistry, tox-icology, oceanography, biology and medicine from the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA) have demonstrated the effects of contamination on the BTS in sundry scientific publications. The scope of this article is to reflect on the contribution of that dialogue on environmental labor law (DAT) in Brazil. The methodology of this study involved semi-structured interviews, participant obser-vation and document analysis. The conclusion reached is that environmental labor law in Brazil must include the dialogue of knowledge to ensure access to a healthy working environment for sub-sistence fishermen and shellfish gatherers.

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