Relationship between ventricular function assessed by tissue Doppler imaging and exercise capacity in patients after repair of tetralogy of Fallot: an observational study

Clinic of Pediatric Cardiology, İzmir Dr. Behçet Uz Pediatrics and Pediatric Surgery Research and Education Hospital, İzmir-Turkey. .
Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology (Impact Factor: 0.93). 06/2012; 12(6):490-7. DOI: 10.5152/akd.2012.157
Source: PubMed


The present study aims to study the relationship between tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE) indices of right ventricle and exercise capacity in patients after total correction for tetralogy of Fallot (ToF).
This cross-sectional observational study included 20 patients, after undergoing total correction procedure for ToF diagnosed with mild/moderate pulmonary regurgitation and 30 age-matched healthy children. In the postoperative period, patients were invited to hospital for evaluation of the ventricular functions by 2D, M-mode, Doppler (DE) echocardiography and TDE and exercise testing to evaluate the effort capacity. Statistical analysis was performed using Mann-Whitney U and Chi-square tests, and Pearson correlation analysis.
Compared with the controls; the mitral annular peak systolic flow velocity (Sm) value was significantly lower, while isovolumic contraction time (IVCT), isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT) and myocardial performance index (MPI) values obtained at the tricuspid and mitral (MV) valves were significantly higher (p<0.05 for all) in patients after ToF repair. There was a negative correlation between the exercise period and the total correction age (r=-0.20, p=0.015) and the same negative correlation existed between the exercise period and METS (r=-0.25, p=0.010). MV IVCT with DE and TDE was found to be correlated with METS (r=-0.45, p=0.04). Left ventricular MPI was found to be correlated with maximum heart rate (r=-0.20, p=0.03). By DE, tricuspid valve deceleration time and Sm peak flow velocity with TDE were significantly correlated with METS (r=-0.30, p=0.04; r=-025, p=0.005, respectively). MPI calculated with TDE was correlated with maximum heart rate (r=-0.15, <0.01).
Even if patients, undergone total correction surgery for ToF were asymptomatic or had minimal clinical symptoms, MPI index assessed by pulse wave TDE and exercise testing may allow early diagnosis of right ventricle dysfunction.

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    ABSTRACT: Objective The aim of our study was to investigate subclinical cardiac disturbances in patients with symptoms due to adenotonsillar hypertrophy (ATH) and the impact of adenotonsillectomy (AT) using conventional and novel echocardiographic measures. Material and Methods Thirty patients with grade 3 or 4 ATH (mean age: 7.86 ± 3.83 years; 10 females) and 30 healthy, age- and sex-matched volunteers (mean age, 8 ± 2.77; 14 females) were enrolled in the study. In addition to conventional two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiographic parameters, tissue Doppler parameters, including myocardial performance indices (MPIs) of both the right (RV) and left ventricle (LV), were studied. The severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was determined using the OSA-18 health quality questionnaire. The OSA-18 questionnaire and echocardiographic examination were repeated after AT in patients with ATH. Results The total OSA-18 scores for the control, preoperative, and postoperative groups were 39.56 ± 19.98, 80.63 ± 22.32, and 44.10 ± 20.31, respectively. Conventional parameters were not different among the groups. The mean pulmonary artery pressure estimated using the Mahan formula was increased in the ATH group compared with that in the control group (21.72 ± 4.25 vs. 12.43 ± 3.83, respectively; p < 0.001) and significantly improved after AT (21.72 ± 4.25 vs. 16.09 ± 4.53; p < 0.001). The RV MPI was significantly different between the control and ATH groups (0.322 ± 0.052 vs. 0.383 ± 0.079, respectively; p = 0.001). Both the LV and RV MPI significantly improved (0.515 ± 0.066 vs. 0.434 ± 0.052, p < 0.001; and 0.383 ± 0.079 vs. 0.316 ± 0.058, p = 0.018, respectively) after surgery for ATH. Conclusions Our study revealed that the patients with OSA-specific symptoms due to ATH had higher pulmonary artery pressure and impaired RV function according to novel echocardiographic parameters. Surgery for ATH seems to have an important effect on both LV and RV function.
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