Physiological and genetic analysis of root responsiveness to auxin-producing plant growth-promoting bacteria in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

Plant and Soil (Impact Factor: 3.24). 302(1):149-161. DOI: 10.1007/s11104-007-9462-7

ABSTRACT Plant root development can be largely affected through the association of roots with plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria
(PGPR). However, little is known about the identity of plant genes enabling such PGPR-plant root associations. Differences
in the responsiveness to PGPR among cultivars suggest genetic variation for this trait within germplasm. In this study, two
genotypes of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), BAT477 and DOR364, were identified showing contrasting responsiveness in root development to inoculation with the PGPR
Azospirillum brasilense Sp245. Inoculation with an A. brasilense Sp245 mutant strain strongly reduced in auxin biosynthesis or addition of increasing concentrations of exogenous auxin to
the plant growth medium, indicated that the differential response to A. brasilense Sp245 among the bean genotypes is related to a differential response to the bacterial produced auxin. To further assess the
role of the plant host in root responsiveness, a population of Recombinant Inbred Lines (RILs) of the DOR364×BAT477 cross
was used to evaluate the efficacy of exogenous auxin on root development. We detected significant phenotypic variation among
the RILs for basal root formation during germination upon addition of auxin to the growth medium. Genetic analysis revealed
two quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with basal root responsiveness to auxin of which one explained 36% of the phenotypic
variation among the RILs. This latter QTL mapped to the same location as a QTL for root tip formation at low P, suggesting
that the host effect on root responsiveness to IAA interacts with specific root development. Also, significant correlations
between basal root responsiveness to auxin and growth, root tips and root dry weight at low P were identified. To our knowledge,
this is the first report on QTL detection for root responsiveness to auxin.

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    Plant Pathology, 04/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-51-0489-6
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    ABSTRACT: During the last 35 years of studies of Azospirillum–plant interaction, over 20 proposals were suggested for the mechanism of action by which Azospirillum spp., the most intensively studied plant growth-promoting bacteria, enhances plant growth. The proposals include a single phytohormone activity, multiple phytohormones, nitrogen fixation, assortments of small-sized molecules and enzymes, enhanced membrane activity, proliferation of the root system, enhanced water and mineral uptake, mobilization of minerals, mitigation of environmental stressors of plants, and direct and indirect biological control of numerous phytopathogens. By volume, the largest number of published information involves hormonal activities, nitrogen fixation, and root proliferation. After analyzing the accumulated knowledge, it was concluded that this versatile genus possesses a large array of potential mechanisms by which it can effect plant growth. Consequently, this review proposes the “Multiple Mechanisms Theory,” based on the assumption that there is no single mechanism involved in promotion of plant growth by Azospirillum, but a combination of a few or many mechanisms in each case of inoculation. These may vary according to the plant species, the Azospirillum strain, and environmental conditions when the interaction occurred. The effect can be cumulative, an “additive hypothesis” (proposed before), where the effects of small mechanisms operating at the same time or consecutively create a larger final effect on plant. Additionally, the observed effect on plant growth can be the result of a tandem or a cascade of mechanisms in which one mechanism stimulates another, yielding enhanced plant growth, such as the plausible relations among phytohormones, nitric oxide, membrane activities, and proliferation of roots. Finally, the growth promotion can also be a combination of unrelated mechanisms that operate under environmental or agricultural conditions needed by the crop at particular locations, such as mitigating stress (salt, drought, toxic compounds, adverse environment), and the need for biological control of or reducing pathogenic microflora.
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    ABSTRACT: a b s t r a c t Plant products along with biocontrol agents were tested against Fusarium wilt of banana caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc). Of the 22 plant species tested, the leaf extract of Datura metel (10%) showed complete inhibition of the mycelial growth of Foc. Two botanical fungicides, Wanis 20 EC and Damet 50 EC along with selected PGPR strains with known biocontrol activity, Pseudomonas flu-orescens 1, Pf1 and Bacillus subtilis, TRC 54 were tested individually and in combination for the manage-ment of Fusarium wilt under greenhouse and field conditions. Combined application of botanical formulation and biocontrol agents (Wanis 20 EC + Pf1 + TRC 54) reduced the wilt incidence significantly under greenhouse (64%) and field conditions (75%). Reduction in disease incidence was positively corre-lated with the induction of defense-related enzymes peroxidase (PO) and polyphenol oxidase (PPO). Three antifungal compounds (two glycosides and one ester) in D. metel were separated and identified using TLC, RP-HPLC (Reverse Phase-High Pressure Liquid Chromatography) and mass spectrometry. In this study it is clear that combined application of botanical formulations and biocontrol agents can be very effective in the management of Fusarium wilt of banana.
    Biological Control 04/2011; · 1.92 Impact Factor


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Aug 23, 2014