High concentrations of omega-3 fatty acids are associated with the development of atrial fibrillation in the Japanese population
ABSTRACT The favorable effect of fish oils rich in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on the development of atrial fibrillation (AF) is controversial. The relationship between the serum concentrations of n-3 PUFAs and the incidence of AF is unclear; therefore, in the present study, we aimed to elucidate this relationship. We evaluated the serum concentrations of n-3 PUFAs in 110 patients with AF, 46 patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) and no AF, and 36 healthy volunteers. Thirty-six patients had a history of IHD (IHD-AF group) and 74 did not (L-AF group). The eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) levels in the L-AF group were higher than those in the IHD-AF and control groups (117 ± 64, 76 ± 30, and 68 ± 23 μg/ml, respectively); the docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) levels showed the same pattern (170 ± 50, 127 ± 27, and 126 ± 35 μg/ml, respectively). In both the L-AF and IHD-AF groups, the EPA levels in patients with persistent and permanent AF were higher than those in patients with paroxysmal AF (L-AF 131 ± 74 vs. 105 ± 51 μg/ml; IHD-AF 82 ± 28 vs 70 ± 33 μg/ml). Multivariate analysis showed that cases of AF were associated with higher levels of EPA but not DHA. In this Japanese population study, the EPA and DHA levels in patients with L-AF were higher than those in normal subjects. In particular, the EPA level was associated with the incidence of AF. These findings suggest that an excess of EPA might be a precipitating factor of AF.
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ABSTRACT: Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) has antiarrhythmic effects. The J-wave on an electrocardiogram is associated with a high incidence of ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (VT/VF). We evaluated relationships between EPA and J-waves, and their involvement in the occurrence of VT/VF in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Two hundred consecutive patients undergoing successful percutaneous coronary intervention within 12 h after AMI onset were enrolled. Serum EPA level and J-waves at admission were evaluated. The patients were divided into two groups according to the optimal cutoff value (2.94) of serum EPA level (% of total fatty acids): LOW (<2.94, 61 ± 11 years, n = 103) and HIGH groups (≥2.94, 70 ± 13 years, n = 81). J-waves were observed more frequently in the LOW (36/103, 35 %) than in HIGH group (16/81, 20 %) (P = 0.020). The 30-day incidence of VT/VF including those occurring before admission was higher in the LOW (19.5 %) than in HIGH group (6.2 %) (P = 0.009). The patients with J-waves showed a higher incidence of VT/VF (23.1 %) than those without J-waves (9.9 %) (P = 0.019). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the highest incidence of VT/VF was observed in the LOW with J-wave group (27.8 %), followed by the LOW without J-wave (15.0 %), HIGH with J-wave (12.5 %), and HIGH without J-wave (4.6 %) (P = 0.013). Cox proportional hazard analysis revealed that Killip grade and low serum EPA level or presence of J-waves were significantly associated with the incidence of VT/VF. Low serum EPA level is a risk for incidence of VT/VF in the acute phase of myocardial infarction. Involvement of the J-wave and its possible link with EPA in the pathogenesis of ischemia-induced VT/VF are suggested.Heart and Vessels 11/2013; 29(6). DOI:10.1007/s00380-013-0435-x · 2.11 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Previous studies have suggested a lower risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) with higher intakes of fish and marine n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), but the results have been inconsistent. The aim was to investigate the association between consumption of marine n-3 PUFA and development of AF.METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 57 053 Danish participants 50-64 years of age were enrolled in the Diet, Cancer, and Health Cohort Study between 1993 and 1997. Dietary intake of fish and marine n-3 PUFA was assessed by a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. In total, 3345 incident cases of AF occurred over 13.6 years. Multivariate Cox regression analyses (3284 cases and 55 246 participants) using cubic splines showed a U-shaped association between consumption of marine n-3 PUFA and risk of incident AF, with the lowest risk of AF at a moderate intake of 0.63 g/day. For quintiles of marine n-3 PUFA intake, a 13% statistically significant lower risk of AF was seen in the middle vs. lowest quintile: Q1 reference, Q2 HR 0.92 (95% CI 0.82-1.03), Q3 HR 0.87 (95% CI 0.78-0.98), Q4 HR 0.96 (95% CI 0.86-1.08), and Q5 HR 1.05 (95% CI 0.93-1.18). Intake of total fish, fatty fish, and the individual n-3 PUFA eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid, and docosapentaenoic acid also showed U-shaped associations with incident AF.CONCLUSION: We found a U-shaped association between consumption of marine n-3 PUFA and risk of incident AF, with the lowest risk close to the median intake of total marine n-3 PUFA (0.63 g/day).Europace 02/2014; 16(11). DOI:10.1093/europace/euu019 · 3.05 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Here, we investigate whether a diet rich in fish oil can lead to the development of hepatic alterations associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). To achieve this goal, we provided, for 8 weeks, four different diets to 3-month-old C57BL/6 mice: (a) standard-chow diet (SC; 40 g soybean oil/kg diet, 10 % of the total energy content from lipids), (b) fish oil diet (FO; 4 g soybean oil and 36 g fish oil/kg diet, 10 % of the total energy content from lipids), (c) high-fat diet (HF; 40 g soybean oil and 238 g lard/kg diet, 50 % of the total energy content from lipids), and (d) high-fish oil diet (HFO; 40 g soybean oil and 238 g fish oil/kg diet, 50 % of the total energy content from lipids). Biochemical analyses, stereology, western-blotting and RT-qPCR were used. In the HF group, we found evidence of obesity, metabolic syndrome, and liver damage, along with hypertriglyceridemia, hepatic insulin resistance, and steatosis. On the other hand, the HFO group did not present these alterations and remained similar to the controls. The changes observed in the animals fed the HF diet were accompanied by an increase in hepatic lipogenesis and a decrease in beta-oxidation; meanwhile, in the HFO group, the opposite results were found, that is, reduced lipogenesis and elevated beta-oxidation, were most likely responsible for the prevention of deleterious hepatic alterations and liver damage. In conclusion, a diet rich in fish oil has beneficial effects on hepatic insulin resistance, lipogenesis and beta-oxidation and prevents hepatic tissue from liver damage and NAFLD.Lipids 03/2014; DOI:10.1007/s11745-014-3892-9 · 2.35 Impact Factor