Article

The RASSF gene family members RASSF5, RASSF6 and RASSF7 show frequent DNA methylation in neuroblastoma.

Molecular Cancer (Impact Factor: 5.13). 06/2012; 11(1):40. DOI: 10.1186/1476-4598-11-40
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Hypermethylation of promotor CpG islands is a common mechanism that inactivates tumor suppressor genes in cancer. Genes belonging to the RASSF gene family have frequently been reported as epigenetically silenced by promotor methylation in human cancers. Two members of this gene family, RASSF1A and RASSF5A have been reported as methylated in neuroblastoma. Data from our previously performed genome-wide DNA methylation array analysis indicated that other members of the RASSF gene family are targeted by DNA methylation in neuroblastoma. RESULTS: In the current study, we found that several of the RASSF family genes (RASSF2, RASSF4, RASSF5, RASSF6, RASSF7, and RASSF10) to various degrees were methylated in neuroblastoma cell lines and primary tumors. In addition, several of the RASSF family genes showed low or absent mRNA expression in neuroblastoma cell lines. RASSF5 and RASSF6 were to various degrees methylated in a large portion of neuroblastoma tumors and RASSF7 was heavily methylated in most tumors. Further, CpG methylation sites in the CpG islands of some RASSF family members could be used to significantly discriminate between biological subgroups of neuroblastoma tumors. For example, RASSF5 methylation highly correlated to MYCN amplification and INRG stage M. Furthermore, high methylation of RASSF6 was correlated to unfavorable outcome, 1p deletion and MYCN amplification in our tumor material. In conclusion This study shows that several genes belonging to the RASSF gene family are methylated in neuroblastoma. The genes RASSF5, RASSF6 and RASSF7 stand out as the most promising candidate genes for further investigations in neuroblastoma.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
110 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ras association domain family (RASSF)2A as a negative effector of Ras protein is inactivated by promoter hypermethylation in many cancers. This study evaluated the methylation status of RASSF2A in cervical cancer (CC) and its correlation with clinicopathological characteristics. Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction were utilized to analyze the methylation status and RASSF2A mRNA expression in four CC cell lines and tissue samples from 25 normal controls and 46 CC patients. The CC cell lines also were treated with the methyltransferase inhibitor 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza-dC). Expression of RASSF2A was downregulated in all cell lines and CC tissue samples. Hypermethylation of RASSF2A was detected in all cell lines and 26 of 46 (56.5%) CC samples. No methylation of RASSF2A was found in the normal cervical tissues. A decreased level (P < 0.05) of RASSF2A expression was observed among RASSF2A-methylated CC cases (0.1002 ± 0.0377, mean ± standard deviation) compared to unmethylated cases (0.2882 ± 0.0642, mean ± standard deviation). After treatment with 5-aza-dC, loss of RASSF2A expression was restored in four CC cell lines. RASSF2A methylation was significantly different in patients with or without lymph node metastasis (90% vs 47.2%, respectively; P < 0.05). Promoter hypermethylation of RASSF2A is observed in CC, while not in normal cervical tissues. RASSF2A is inactivated in CC by promoter hypermethylation and may play a role in cervical carcinogenesis.
    Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research 03/2014; · 0.84 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is a highly aggressive and common pathological subtype of renal cancer. This cancer is characterized by biallelic inactivation of the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) tumor suppressor gene, which leads to the accumulation of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs). Although therapies targeted at HIFs can significantly improve survival, nearly all patients with advanced ccRCC eventually succumb to the disease. Thus, additional oncogenic events are thought to be involved in the development of ccRCC tumors. In this study, we investigated the role of RASSF6 in ccRCC. Downregulation of RASSF6 was commonly observed in primary tumors relative to matched adjacent normal tissues. Moreover, functional studies established that ectopic re-expression of RASSF6 in ccRCC cells inhibited cell proliferation, clonogenicity, and tumor growth in mice, whereas silencing of RASSF6 dramatically enhanced cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistic investigation suggested that RASSF6 triggers p21(Cip1/Waf1) accumulation to induce G 1 cell cycle arrest and promote apoptosis upon exposure to pro-apoptotic agents, and both of these mechanisms appear to be mediated by activated JNK signaling. Together, these findings suggest that RASSF6 may play a tumor suppressor role in the progression of ccRCC.
    Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.) 03/2014; 13(9). · 5.24 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) plays crucial roles in hepatocarcinogenesis. However, the underlying mechanism remains elusive. We have reported that HBx is able to up-regulate survivin in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues. The oncopreotein hepatitis B X-interacting protein (HBXIP), a target of miR-520b, is involved in the development of cancer. In this study, we focus on the investigation of hepatocarcinogenesis mediated by HBx.
    Molecular cancer. 05/2014; 13(1):128.

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
9 Downloads
Available from
May 21, 2014