A Novel Combined Method of Osteosynthesis in Treatment of Tibial Fractures: A Comparative Study on Sheep with Application of Rod-Through-Plate Fixator and Bone Plating.
ABSTRACT The study compares the efficiency of a new bone fixator combining periostal and intramedullary osteosynthesis to bone plating in treatment of tibial fractures in sheep. Experimental osteotomies were performed in the middle third of the left tibia. Animals were divided into two groups: in one group (four animals) combined osteosynthesis (rod-through-plate fixator, RTP fixator) was applied, and in the other group (three animals) bone plating was used. The experiments lasted for 10 weeks during which fracture union was followed by radiography, and the healing process was studied by blood serum markers reflecting bone turnover and by histological and immunohistochemical investigations. In the RTP fixator group, animals started to load body weight on the operated limbs the next day after the surgery, while in the bone plating group, this happened only on the seventh day. In the RTP fixator group, consolidation of fractures was also faster, as demonstrated by radiographical, histological, and immunohistochemical investigations and in part by blood serum markers for bone formation. It can be concluded that application of RTP fixation is more efficient than plate fixation in the treatment of experimental osteotomies of long bones in sheep.
- SourceAvailable from: jbjs.org.ukJournal of Bone and Joint Surgery - British Volume 06/1978; 60-B(2):150-62. · 2.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Although it has been well established that fracture healing is influenced by the mechanical environment, the optimal parameters have not yet been established. In two groups of sheep an experimental tibial diaphysial fracture was created, and stabilised using external skeletal fixation. In one group rigid fixation was maintained throughout fracture healing; in the other group controlled axial micromovement, with a loading regime known to be osteogenic in intact bones, was applied for a short period daily. A significant improvement in healing was associated with the application of controlled micromovement. Data from these experiments provide the basis for improving the conditions for fracture healing and may assist in the prevention of delayed union.Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - British Volume 09/1985; 67(4):650-5. · 2.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We used a rabbit model to investigate the mechanism by which the angulation of fractures is corrected in children. We produced a transverse proximal tibial fracture in one leg of 12 eight-week-old New Zealand white rabbits and measured bone alignment and length and the patterns of bone growth and remodelling. The angle between the joint surfaces changed rapidly to correct the alignment of the limb as a result of asymmetrical growth of epiphyseal plates. In an adult with closed plates, the angle between the joint surfaces cannot therefore improve. The angle at the fracture itself showed slow improvement because of bone drift and the asymmetrical growth of the epiphyseal plates. Remodelling corrected the shape of the bone in the region of the fracture. Periosteal division on the convex side increased the growth of the epiphyseal plate on that side, thus slowing the correction. The effect was relatively small, providing an indication that factors other than the periosteum are important in inducing correction. External torsional deformities developed because of helical growth at the plate. This was probably caused by abnormal posture which induced a torque at the growth plate. Helical growth is the mechanism by which rotational deformities can occur and correct.Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - British Volume 02/1996; 78(1):42-50. · 2.69 Impact Factor