Dietary fatty acids modulate liver mitochondrial cardiolipin content and its fatty acid composition in rats with non alcoholic fatty liver disease.
ABSTRACT No data are reported on changes in mitochondrial membrane phospholipids in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. We determined the content of mitochondrial membrane phospholipids from rats with non alcoholic liver steatosis, with a particular attention for cardiolipin (CL) content and its fatty acid composition, and their relation with the activity of the mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes. Different dietary fatty acid patterns leading to steatosis were explored. With high-fat diet, moderate macrosteatosis was observed and the liver mitochondrial phospholipid class distribution and CL fatty acids composition were modified. Indeed, both CL content and its C18:2n-6 content were increased with liver steatosis. Moreover, mitochondrial ATP synthase activity was positively correlated to the total CL content in liver phospholipid and to CL C18:2n-6 content while other complexes activity were negatively correlated to total CL content and/or CL C18:2n-6 content of liver mitochondria. The lard-rich diet increased liver CL synthase gene expression while the fish oil-rich diet increased the (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids content in CL. Thus, the diet may be a significant determinant of both the phospholipid class content and the fatty acid composition of liver mitochondrial membrane, and the activities of some of the respiratory chain complex enzymes may be influenced by dietary lipid amount in particular via modification of the CL content and fatty acid composition in phospholipid.
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ABSTRACT: In this article, the formation of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cardiolipin is reviewed in light of its biological function. I begin with a detailed account of the structure of cardiolipin, its stereochemistry, and the resulting physical properties, and I present structural analogs of cardiolipin that occur in some organisms. Then I continue to discuss i) the de novo formation of cardiolipin, ii) its acyl remodeling, iii) the assembly of cardiolipin into biological membranes, and iv) the degradation of cardiolipin, which may be involved in apoptosis and mitochondrial fusion. Thus, this article covers the entire metabolic cycle of this unique phospholipid. It is shown that mitochondria produce cardiolipin species with a high degree of structural uniformity and molecular symmetry, among which there is often a dominant form with four identical acyl chains. The subsequent assembly of cardiolipin into functional membranes is largely unknown, but the analysis of crystal structures of membrane proteins has revealed a first glimpse into the underlying principles of cardiolipin-protein interactions. Disturbances of cardiolipin metabolism are crucial in the pathophysiology of human Barth syndrome and perhaps also play a role in diabetes and ischemic heart disease.The Journal of Lipid Research 09/2008; 49(8):1607-20. · 4.39 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Reduction in the mean glycemic index (GI) of diets of 12 hyperlipidemic patients from 82 +/- 1 to 69 +/- 2 units (p less than 0.001) for a 1 mo period resulted in a significant reduction in total and LDL serum cholesterol and serum triglyceride by comparison with the mean lipid values for the preceding and following control months. The change in GI of the diet was achieved largely through manipulation of the cereal products and was not related to large differences in the amount of dietary fiber. In addition, apart from a small mean increase in unsaturated fat and calorie intake during the control periods, no difference was seen between the proportion of macronutrients on either treatment as determined by 1 wk diet histories recorded on alternate weeks throughout the 3 mo study. Selection of low glycemic index foods may therefore be a useful adjunct to the management of hyperlipidemia.American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 11/1985; 42(4):604-17. · 6.50 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The fatty acid (FA) status in young children with cystic fibrosis (CF) was investigated. The FA composition of the plasma cholesterol esters (CE) and phospholipids (PL) and of the erythrocyte phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) was estimated in 11 patients with CF and pancreatic insufficiency (median age, 3.0 years; range, 3 months to 7 years) and in 10 age-matched controls. Linoleic acid values ranged widely but were not significantly reduced in the patients. However, arachidonic acid (20:4w6) and docosahexaenoic acid were decreased in all lipid classes. The ratio of dihomo-gamma-linoleic acid to arachidonic acid (20:3w6/20:4w6) was significantly increased in the patients, indicating an impairment of FA metabolism (delta 5-desaturation). Plasma retinol concentrations were normal and did not differ between the supplemented patients and controls. Plasma total tocopherols and alpha-tocopherol and their ratios to total lipids were significantly reduced in the CF patients, but all values were within the normal ranges for the pediatric age group, and no child met the criterion for vitamin E deficiency.Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology. Supplement 02/1988; 143:135-41.