Global secretome analysis identifies novel mediators of bone metastasis
ABSTRACT Bone is the one of the most common sites of distant metastasis of solid tumors. Secreted proteins are known to influence pathological interactions between metastatic cancer cells and the bone stroma. To comprehensively profile secreted proteins associated with bone metastasis, we used quantitative and non-quantitative mass spectrometry to globally analyze the secretomes of nine cell lines of varying bone metastatic ability from multiple species and cancer types. By comparing the secretomes of parental cells and their bone metastatic derivatives, we identified the secreted proteins that were uniquely associated with bone metastasis in these cell lines. We then incorporated bioinformatic analyses of large clinical metastasis datasets to obtain a list of candidate novel bone metastasis proteins of several functional classes that were strongly associated with both clinical and experimental bone metastasis. Functional validation of selected proteins indicated that in vivo bone metastasis can be promoted by high expression of (1) the salivary cystatins CST1, CST2, and CST4; (2) the plasminogen activators PLAT and PLAU; or (3) the collagen functionality proteins PLOD2 and COL6A1. Overall, our study has uncovered several new secreted mediators of bone metastasis and therefore demonstrated that secretome analysis is a powerful method for identification of novel biomarkers and candidate therapeutic targets.
Article: New secrets behind bone metastasis.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Secreted proteins play essential roles in every step of cancer metastasis, while the identities and functions of those that contribute to tissue-specific metastasis are largely uncharacterized. Two articles in Cell Research report the discovery and functional analyses of novel secreted proteins that are biologically and clinically relevant to bone metastasis. The combinatory approaches represented here, together with advances in related technology, will promise a better understanding of the cancer secretome.Cell Research 06/2012; 22(9):1309-11. DOI:10.1038/cr.2012.99 · 11.98 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: As the leading cause of cancer death worldwide, lung cancer lacks effective diagnosis tools and treatments to prevent its metastasis. Fortunately, secretome has clinical usages as biomarkers and protein drugs. To discover the secretome that influences lung adenocarcinoma metastasis, the hollow fiber culture (HFC) system was used along with label-free proteomics approach to analyze cell secretomes between CL1-0 and CL1-5 cell lines, which exhibit low and high metastatic potentials. Among the 703 proteins quantified, 50 possessed different levels between CL1-0 and CL1-5. PARK7 was a primary focus because of the lack of research involving lung adenocarcinoma. The cell proliferation, migration, and invasion properties of CL1-0, CL1-5, and A549 cells were significantly diminished when the expression of their PARK7 proteins was reduced. Conversely, these functions were promoted when PARK7 was overexpressed in CL1-0. In clinical expression, PARK7 levels within tissue specimens and plasma samples were significantly higher in the cancer group. This represents the first time the HFC system has been used with label-free quantification to discern the elements of metastasis in lung adenocarcinoma cell secretomes. Likewise, PARK7 has never been researched for its role in promoting lung adenocarcinoma progression.Journal of Proteome Research 09/2012; 11(11). DOI:10.1021/pr300362g · 5.00 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Secreted proteins, collectively referred to as the secretome, were suggested as valuable biomarkers in disease diagnosis and prognosis. However, some secreted proteins from cell cultures are difficult to detect because of their intrinsically low abundance; they are frequently masked by the released proteins from lysed cells and the substantial amounts of serum proteins used in culture medium. The hollow fiber culture (HFC) system is a commercially available system composed of small fibers sealed in a cartridge shell; cells grow on the outside of the fiber. Recently, because this system can help cells grow at a high density, it has been developed and applied in a novel analytical platform for cell secretome collection in cancer biomarker discovery. This article focuses on the advantages of the HFC system, including the effectiveness of the system for collection of secretomes, and reviews the process of cell secretome collection by the HFC system and proteomic approaches to discover cancer biomarkers. The HFC system not only provides a high-density three-dimensional (3D) cell culture system to mimic tumor growth conditions in vivo but can also accommodate numerous cells in a small volume, allowing secreted proteins to be accumulated and concentrated. In addition, cell lysis rates can be greatly reduced, decreasing the amount of contamination by abundant cytosolic proteins from lysed cells. Therefore, the HFC system is useful for preparing a wide range of proteins from cell secretomes and provides an effective method for collecting higher amounts of secreted proteins from cancer cells. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: An Updated Secretome.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 01/2013; 1834(11). DOI:10.1016/j.bbapap.2013.01.033 · 4.66 Impact Factor