PCA3 sensitivity and specificity for prostate cancer detection in patients with abnormal PSA and/or suspicious digital rectal examination. First Latin American experience.
ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Prostate Cancer Gene 3 (PCA3) is a recently described and highly specific urinary marker for prostate cancer (CaP). Its introduction in clinical practice to supplement low specificity of prostate specific antigen (PSA) can improve CaP diagnosis and follow-up. However, before its introduction, it is necessary to validate the method of PCA3 detection in distinct geographic populations. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to describe for the first time in Latin America, the application of the PROGENSA PCA3 assay for PCA3 detection in urine in Chilean men and its utility for CaP diagnosis in men with an indication of prostate biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-four Chilean patients (mean age, 64 years) with indication of prostate biopsy because of elevated PSA and/or suspicious digital rectal examination (DRE) were prospectively recruited. PCA3 scores were assessed from urine samples obtained after DRE, before biopsy, and compared with PSA levels and biopsy outcome. RESULTS: The median PSA value and mean PCA3 score were 5.8 ng/ml and 31.7, respectively. Using a cutoff PCA3 score of 35, the sensitivity and specificity for detecting CaP were 52% and 87%, respectively. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed an area under the curve of 0.77 for PCA3 and 0.57 for PSA, for the same group of patients. In patients with previous negative biopsy, PCA3 specificity increased by 2.2%. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report in Latin America on the use of PCA3 in diagnosing CaP. Our results are comparable to those reported in other populations in the literature, demonstrating the reproducibility of the test. PCA3 score was highly specific and we specially recommend its use in patients with persistent elevated PSA and prior negative biopsies.
SourceAvailable from: Virginie Vlaeminck[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Since its introduction 10 years ago, the urinary PCA3 test was evaluated in several studies that allowed demonstration of its diagnostic value when predicting prostate biopsy outcome. Its good specificity, notably when compared to seric PSA, offers to the urologist the opportunity to better evaluate whether prostate biopsies are warranted, especially in patients with at least one set of previous negative biopsies. Several points remain to be determined such as its true influence on prostate decision making in clinical practice and the resulting medico-economic benefit. The place of the urinary PCA3 test among other developing prostate cancer biomarkers, notably PHI index and urinary TMPRSS2:ERG fusions, has also to be defined.Medecine Nucleaire 02/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.mednuc.2013.12.005 · 0.16 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Given the limited sensitivity and specificity of prostate-specific antigen (PSA), its widespread use as a screening tool has raised concerns for the overdiagnosis of low-risk and the underdiagnosis of high-grade prostate cancer. To improve early-detection biopsy decisions, the National Cancer Institute conducted a prospective validation trial to assess the diagnostic performance of the prostate cancer antigen 3 (PCA3) urinary assay for the detection of prostate cancer among men screened with PSA.Journal of Clinical Oncology 11/2014; 32(36). DOI:10.1200/JCO.2013.52.8505 · 17.88 Impact Factor
Canadian Medical Association Journal 10/2014; 186(16). DOI:10.1503/cmaj.140703 · 5.81 Impact Factor