The Effects of Medical Ozone Therapy on Renal Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury

Health Services Command, Turkish Armed Forces, Ankara, Turkey.
Renal Failure (Impact Factor: 0.78). 06/2012; 34(7):921-5. DOI: 10.3109/0886022X.2012.692752
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study was designed to investigate the possible beneficial effects of medical ozone therapy (OT), known as an immunomodulator and antioxidant, on the renal function, morphology, and biochemical parameters of oxidative stress in kidneys subjected to ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI).
Thirty male Sprague-Dawley rats were classified into three groups: control, renal IRI, and renal IRI + OT. The IRI group was induced by bilateral renal ischemia for 60 min, followed by reperfusion for 6 h. After reperfusion, the kidneys and blood of rats were obtained for histopathologic and biochemical evaluation.
Renal IRI increased the tissue oxidative stress parameters (lipid peroxidation, protein oxidation, and nitrite plus nitrate) and decreased the antioxidant enzyme activities (superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase). The serum neopterin levels showed correlation with oxidative stress parameters. All these parameters were brought to control values in the treatment group. Histopathologically, the kidney injury in the treatment group was significantly lesser than in the renal IRI group.
Our results clearly showed that OT has beneficial effect to protect kidney against IRI. The serum neopterin levels might be used as a marker to detect the degree of renal IRI.

Download full-text


Available from: Ahmet Guven, Jun 24, 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Air pollution has been shown to have adverse effects on many health outcomes including cardiorespiratory diseases and cancer. However, evidence on the effects of prenatal exposure is still limited. The purpose of this retrospective cohort study is to evaluate the effects of prenatal exposure to air pollutants including particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5μm (PM2.5) and ozone (O3) on the risk of adverse birth outcomes (ABOs) including term low birth weight (LBW), preterm delivery (PTD) and very PTD (VPTD).
    Environmental Research 08/2014; 134C:198-204. DOI:10.1016/j.envres.2014.08.002 · 3.95 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of ozone and/or taurine treatment comparatively on testicular damage due to ischemia/ reperfusion (I/R) injury in an experimental torsion model in rats. Adult Wistar rats with and without torsion/detorsion were used. In order to monitor the effect of ozone and/or taurine treatment on testicular damage due to I/R injury, following histopathological investigation apoptotic indexes were scored by TUNEL method. Moreover, tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1), caspase 3, caspase 8, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), and cytochrome C immunostainings were performed and the levels of malondialdehyde, glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, catalase, total sulfhydryl, and nitric oxide were determined in the testicular tissue. Intraperitoneal ozone and/or taurine treatment prevented both histopathological damage and increase in the apoptotic index. Torsion did not exert an effect on the levels of TNFα and cytochrome C. Ozone and/or taurine treatment prevented increases in TNFR1, caspase 3, and caspase 8. The level of oxidative stress markers was unchanged. The increases in NO level and eNOS expression were prevented by ozone and/or taurine treatment in I/R groups. Using ozone therapy and/or taurine before reperfusion may be a solution for germ cell degeneration resulting from testicular torsion and related infertility.
    Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences 01/2014; 44(5):749-55. DOI:10.3906/sag-1308-20 · 0.84 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ozone (O3) has been viewed as a novel treatment for different diseases in these years and oxidative stress and apoptosis play a key role in the pathogenesis of kidney diseases including renal ischemia and reperfusion (I/R). In the present study, we investigated the role of ozone oxidative preconditioning (OzoneOP) in attenuating oxidative stress and apoptosis in a hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury model using rat kidney cells. We induced H/R injury in kidney cells treated with or without OzoneOP. Oxidative stress parameters such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were determined, as well as some apoptotic proteins. We observed that oxidative stress and apoptosis were increased in H/R group compared to OzoneOP group; however, these changes were significantly decreased by the treatment with OzoneOP. We concluded that OzoneOP can protect the kidney cells against H/R injury and its mechanism may be through the reduction of oxidative stress and apoptosis.
    Renal Failure 09/2014; 36(9). DOI:10.3109/0886022X.2014.950934 · 0.78 Impact Factor