Primary dedifferentiated liposarcoma of the axilla arising in a mixed, well-differentiated and myxoid liposarcoma

Department of Radiology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA.
Journal of Radiology Case Reports 01/2012; 6(1):9-16. DOI: 10.3941/jrcr.v6i1.867
Source: PubMed


We describe a case of mixed liposarcoma of the axilla presenting as a high grade undifferentiated sarcoma with areas of well-differentiated and myxoid liposarcoma. MRI demonstrated a lobulated, septated intermuscular mass with marked heterogeneous gadolinium enhancement. A small focus of the tumor demonstrated fat suppressed signal more characteristic of well-differentiated liposarcoma. Pathologic analysis following wide local excision revealed a large, high grade sarcomatous component with highly pleomorphic cells with a thin rim of well-differentiated and myxoid liposarcoma on histologic examination. Dedifferentiated liposarcomas arising outside of the retroperitoneum are very rare, as are dedifferentiated liposarcomas arising from a histologically mixed liposarcoma. In this regard, this case illustrates an unusual combination of tumor location and histology which, to our knowledge, has not previously been reported.

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    ABSTRACT: This work describes clinical development of a sarcoma in the left axilla of a 36-year-old woman. The macroscopic picture changed from the initial inflammatory reddening to globular resistance of 2.5 cm, suggestive of an enlarged lymph node. Mammography did not reveal any associated breast disease. Colliquation found on the ultrasound images led to a biopsy, the result of which indicated only an inflammation, without any malignancy. Rapid growth of the axillar tumor to 10 cm in size within 8 weeks prompted surgery allowing proper diagnosis of a small mature-to-immature sarcoma. Special examinations performed by a histopathologist (at the Institute for Histopathology) could not establish the precise histogenesis, i.e. the tissue origin. Therefore it was necessary to remove any clinically obscuring tumor for the final proper histological diagnosis and adequate treatment of the patient.
    Prague medical report 10/2013; 114(3):191-196. DOI:10.14712/23362936.2014.23


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