Overall Survival Benefit With Lapatinib in Combination With Trastuzumab for Patients With Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer: Final Results From the EGF104900 Study
ABSTRACT Phase III EGF104900 data demonstrated that lapatinib plus trastuzumab significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS) and clinical benefit rate versus lapatinib monotherapy, offering a chemotherapy-free option for patients with heavily pretreated human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) -positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Final planned overall survival (OS) analysis from EGF104900 is reported here.
Patients with HER2-positive MBC whose disease progressed during prior trastuzumab-based therapies were randomly assigned to receive lapatinib monotherapy or lapatinib in combination with trastuzumab. OS and updated PFS data are presented using Kaplan-Meier curves and log-rank tests stratified for hormone receptor and visceral disease status. Subgroup analyses were conducted to identify characteristics of patients deriving the greatest clinical benefit.
In this updated final analysis of all patients randomly assigned with strata (n = 291), lapatinib plus trastuzumab continued to show superiority to lapatinib monotherapy in PFS (hazard ratio [HR], 0.74; 95% CI, 0.58 to 0.94; P = .011) and offered significant OS benefit (HR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.57 to 0.97; P = .026). Improvements in absolute OS rates were 10% at 6 months and 15% at 12 months in the combination arm compared with the monotherapy arm. Multiple baseline factors, including Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0, nonvisceral disease, < three metastatic sites, and less time from initial diagnosis until random assignment, were associated with improved OS. Incidence of adverse events was consistent with previously reported rates.
These data demonstrated a significant 4.5-month median OS advantage with the lapatinib and trastuzumab combination and support dual HER2 blockade in patients with heavily pretreated HER2-positive MBC.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to quantify the cumulative randomized evidence for the efficacy and safety of lapatinib combined with neoadjuvant therapy in human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER) 2-positive breast cancer. Three electronic databases, MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and the abstracts of major international conferences between inception and 15 December 2013 were searched. Two evaluators independently extracted data. The end-points assessed consisted of the pathological complete response (pCR) rate, breast-conserving surgery (BCS) rate and the occurrence of adverse events. Four randomized controlled trials were assessed in the present study, involving a total of 779 participants. Compared with the patients who did not receive lapatinib, the pCR rate was higher in the hormone receptor (HR)-positive [risk ratio (RR), 1.39; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.12-1.72; P=0.002) and HR-negative (RR, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.14-1.68; P=0.0009) patients that received lapatinib. No significant difference between the BCS rate of the two treatment arms was observed in two trials (n=382; RR, 1.14; 95% CI, 0.89-1.47; P=0.31). The primary adverse events, including diarrhea, dermatological toxicity, hepatic toxicity and neutropenia, were statistically more frequent in patients that received lapatinib (RR, 2.46; 95% CI, 1.97-3.07; P<0.00001). The present analysis revealed that the addition of lapatinib to neoadjuvant chemotherapy for HER2-positive breast cancer improves the probability of achieving a higher pCR rate, but the use of lapatinib is associated with a higher risk of adverse events.Oncology letters 03/2015; 9(3):1351-1358. DOI:10.3892/ol.2015.2848 · 0.99 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: As the number of long-term breast cancer survivors has increased, the side effects of adjuvant cancer therapy, such as cardiac toxicity, remain clinically important. Although the cardiac toxicity due to anthracyclines, radiotherapy, or trastuzumab is well-documented, several issues need to be clarified and are the subjects of extensive ongoing clinical research. This review summarizes the incidence of cardiac toxicity due to breast cancer adjuvant therapy and highlights the current trends in early detection and management of cardiac toxicities.
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ABSTRACT: Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-targeted therapies have revolutionized the treatment of HER2-positive breast cancer, both in the metastatic and early stage settings. While trastuzumab and lapatinib had been the mainstays of treatment in combination with chemotherapy, innate and acquired resistance to these therapies occur. More recently, two additional HER2-directed therapies have been approved for HER2-positive breast cancer. Pertuzumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody that binds to the extracellular portion of the receptor on a domain distinct from the binding site of trastuzumab. The addition of pertuzumab to trastuzumab results in synergistic tumor cell inhibition and has been shown to significantly improve clinical outcomes for patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) compared to trastuzumab plus chemotherapy alone. In addition, ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1), a novel antibody-drug conjugate linking trastuzumab with the cytotoxic maytansinoid, DM1, is an effective treatment for HER2-positive breast cancer that has progressed on other HER2-directed therapies. Both pertuzumab and T-DM1 are relatively well tolerated. This review presents the mechanisms of action as well as phase I, II and III clinical data describing the safety and efficacy of pertuzumab and T-DM1 for HER2-positive breast cancer.