Prevalence of food insecurity in Egor local government area of Edo State, Nigeria.
ABSTRACT Food security is access at all times to adequate, safe and nutritious food for healthy and active life. In recent times food insecurity has been a global concern particularly in developing countries.
A descriptive, cross-sectional study carried out among households selected by multi-stage sampling method in Egor Local Government Area. The Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) for measurement of food access was used to assess the household food security situation.
A total of 416 households were studied. The prevalence of food insecurity was 61.8%. Food insecurity was higher among households with younger heads (P = 0.159), female headed households (P = 0.114) and those with larger households (P = 0.228). Lower education status (P = 0.001) and lower household income (P = 0.001) were the significant factors affecting food insecurity.
This study has revealed a very high level of food insecurity among these urban households. An urgent call to all stakeholders for strategies to improve this trend is needed.
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ABSTRACT: Background and aim: Malnutrition is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in the elderly. The objectives of this study were to determine the malnutrition and food insecurity prevalence in the elderly in the Balcova District of Izmir and to evaluate the risk factors leading to malnutrition. Methods: This cross-sectional study (n = 650) was carried out among elderly participants in a lower socio-economic area of the Balcova District in Izmir. Malnutrition was determined using the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) tool. Food insecurity was defined according to the Nutrition Survey of the Elderly in New York State (NSENY) study. Data was collected at home via face-to-face interview and measuring anthropometric indices. Chi-square and logistic regression were used in analysis. Results: Among participants, 62.9% of them (n = 409) were female. The mean age was found to be 74.1 +/- 6.3 (65-97). Food insecurity prevalence was 21.7%, whereas for malnutrition and malnutrition risk it was 2.7% and 28.0% respectively. The following factors were found to significantly increase the risk of malnutrition: Increased age (OR = 1.06 P = 0.001) and number of chronic diseases (OR = 1.41 P < 0.001), not being married (OR = 2.13 P = 0.002), bad-very bad perceived economic (OR = 2.49 P = 0.002) and health status (OR = 4.33 P < 0.001), being orthopedically disabled (OR = 1.95 P = 0.047) and presence of food insecurity (OR = 2.49 P = 0.001). Conclusion: Based on our research of previous related studies, we expected food insecurity and malnutrition rates to be lower. In order to determine food insecurity and malnutrition risk in the community-dwelling elderly, first it was necessary to establish a monitoring programme.European geriatric medicine 12/2013; 4(4). DOI:10.1016/j.eurger.2013.06.001 · 0.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This article addresses food insecurity among urban Brazilian families with children under seven years. A cross-sectional study in areas covered by primary health care centers identified 5,419 families in the Northeast and 5,081 in the South of the country. Food insecurity was assessed by the Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale. Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity was 22.9% in the Northeast and 7.5% in the South. According to the adjusted analysis, increased likelihood of moderate or severe food insecurity was associated with families headed by women, black or brown maternal skin color, low maternal education, low family income, and enrollment in the Bolsa Família program (conditional income transfer). Moderate or severe food insecurity would be reduced by 59.5% in the Northeast and 45.4% in the South with a per capita income of at least BRL 175.00 per month. Increased family income for the poorest families and better targeting of Bolsa Família are essential for reducing food insecurity in the country.Cadernos de saúde pública / Ministério da Saúde, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública 01/2014; 30(1):161-74. DOI:10.1590/0102-311X00036013 · 0.89 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We investigated the association between household food insecurity (HFI) and CD4% among 2-6 year old HIV+ outpatients (n=78) at the Botswana-Baylor Children's Clinical Center of Excellence in Gaborone, Botswana. HFI was assessed by a validated survey. CD4% data were abstracted from the medical record. We used multiple linear regression with CD4% (dependent variable), HFI (independent variable), and controlled for socio-demographic and clinical covariates. Multiple linear regression showed a significant main effect for HFI (beta=-0.6, 95% CI [-1.0, -0.1]) and child gender (beta=5.6, 95% CI [1.3, 9.8]). Alleviating food insecurity may improve pediatric HIV outcomes in Botswana and similar Sub-Saharan settings.JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 05/2014; DOI:10.1097/QAI.0000000000000190 · 4.39 Impact Factor