Inhibitory effects of microRNA-34a on cell migration and invasion of invasive urothelial bladder carcinoma by targeting Notch1.

Department of Urology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Impact Factor: 0.58). 06/2012; 32(3):375-82. DOI: 10.1007/s11596-012-0065-z
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT MicroRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) are a class of short, non-coding RNAs that participate in various oncological processes. This study aims to explore the roles of microRNA-34a (miR-34a) in invasive urothelial bladder carcinoma. miR-34a was transfected into bladder cancer cell lines 253J and J82. The miR-34a expression levels in tissues and cells were detected by using qRT-PCR. The Notch1 expression was detected by qRT-PCR and Western blotting. Cell migratory and invasive abilities were measured by Transwell chamber assay. Bioinformatics and luciferase assay were performed to predict and analyze the binding sites between miRNA-34a and Notch1. It was found that there was aberrant expression of miR-34a in bladder cancer tissues. Moreover, we revealed that ectopic expression of miR-34a suppressed cell migration and invasion, while forced expression of Notch1 increased cell migratory and invasive abilities. Finally, we observed that miR-34a transfection significantly down-regulated luciferase activity and reduced the mRNA and protein levels of Notch1. Our study concluded that microRNA-34a antagonizes Notch1 and inhibits cell migration and invasion of bladder cancer cells, which indicates the tumor-suppressive function of microRNA-34a in bladder cancer.

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