Intravascular ultrasound and pharmacological stress test to evaluate the anomalous origin of the right coronary artery.
ABSTRACT The anomalous origin of the right coronary artery is a common finding. With its origin in the left coronary sinus, the right coronary artery can have a route between the aorta and pulmonary artery trunk and can cause myocardial ischemia and sudden death. The anomalous origin of the artery and its route may be diagnosed by coronary angiography or multislice computed tomography. Intravascular ultrasound provides high-resolution images and a precise evaluation of coronary anomalies. The role of intravascular ultrasound was recently demonstrated in the diagnosis of extrinsic compression of the anomalous right coronary artery. We describe 3 cases of anomalous right coronary artery originating in the left coronary sinus. The intravascular ultrasound detected a reduction of the coronary lumen from anomalous course, even when the luminal reduction was not evident by angiography. We suggest that a pharmacological stress test should be used, with a vasoactive drug that simulates physical effort, to determine the reduction of the arterial lumen.
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ABSTRACT: Anomalous origin of left main coronary artery or right coronary artery from the aorta with subsequent coursing between the aorta and pulmonary trunk is rare and can be sometimes life threatening. After hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, coronary artery anomalies are the second most common cause of sudden cardiac deaths among young athletes. This is a case presentation of an anomalous origin of right coronary artery from left main coronary artery coursing between the pulmonary trunk and aorta. Patient presented with STEMI and had coronary bypass surgery.Case Reports in Medicine 01/2013; 2013:195026.
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ABSTRACT: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in an anomalous right coronary artery (RCA) can be technically difficult because selective cannulation of the vessel may not be easy. We thereby present two cases with unstable angina pectoris of anomalous originated RCA. The PCI were successfully performed in two patients with a special guiding wire manipulating skill which we called "gone with the flow" combined with balloon anchoring technology, providing excellent angiographic visualization and sound guide support for stent delivery throughout the procedure without severe cardiovascular adverse effects. Our primary data suggested that PCI for geriatric patients with an anomalous origin of RCA accompanied by severe atherosclerotic lesions might also be a safe, available, and feasible strategy.Journal of Geriatric Cardiology 06/2013; 10(2):205-9. · 1.06 Impact Factor