[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Vision-based human action recognition is the process of labeling image sequences with action labels. Robust solutions to this problem have applications in domains such as visual surveillance, video retrieval and human–computer interaction. The task is challenging due to variations in motion performance, recording settings and inter-personal differences. In this survey, we explicitly address these challenges. We provide a detailed overview of current advances in the field. Image representations and the subsequent classification process are discussed separately to focus on the novelties of recent research. Moreover, we discuss limitations of the state of the art and outline promising directions of research.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper proposes a boosting EigenActions algorithm for human action recognition. A spatio-temporal Information Saliency Map (ISM) is calculated from a video sequence by estimating pixel density function. A continuous human action is segmented into a set of primitive periodic motion cycles from information saliency curve. Each cycle of motion is represented by a Salient Action Unit (SAU), which is used to determine the EigenAction using principle component analysis. A human action classifier is developed using multi-class Adaboost algorithm with Bayesian hypothesis as the weak classifier. Given a human action video sequence, the proposed method effectively locates the SAUs in the video, and recognizes the human actions by categorizing the SAUs. Two publicly available human action databases, namely KTH and Weizmann, are selected for evaluation. The average recognition accuracy are 81.5% and 98.3% for KTH and Weizmann databases, respectively. Comparative results with two recent methods and robustness test results are also reported.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to use a machine learning approach combining fuzzy modeling with an immune algorithm to model sport training, in particular swimming. A proposed algorithm mines the available data and delivers the results in a form of a set of fuzzy rules “IF (fuzzy conditions) THEN (class)”. Fuzzy logic is a powerful method to cope with continuous data, to overcome problem of overlapping class definitions, and to improve the rule comprehensibility. Sport training is modeled at the level of microcycle and training unit by 12 independent attributes. The data was collected in two months (February–March 2008), among swimmers from swimming sections in Wrocław, Poland. The swimmers had minimum of 7 years of training and reached the II class level in swimming classification from 2005 to 2008. The goal of the performed experiments was to find the rules answering the question – how does the training unit influence swimmer’s feelings while being in water the next day? The fuzzy rules were inferred for two different scales of the class to be predicted. The effectiveness of the learned set of rules reached 68.66%. The performance, in terms of classification accuracy, of the proposed approach was compared with traditional classifier schemes. The accuracy of the result of compared methods is significantly lower than the accuracy of fuzzy rules obtained by a method presented in this study (paired t-test, P < 0.05).
Computers in Human Behavior 09/2011; 27(5):1499-1506. DOI:10.1016/j.chb.2010.10.014 · 2.69 Impact Factor
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