In Vivo Imaging of Lamina Cribrosa Pores by Adaptive Optics Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscopy
ABSTRACT To visualize and assess the surface-level pores of the lamina cribrosa in patients with glaucoma by using a prototype adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (AOSLO) system.
The numbers of laminar pores were compared between color disc photography, scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (SLO) without AO, and AOSLO. The pore area and elongation index were examined for correlation with ocular parameters such as the mean deviation, disc area, cup/disc ratio, disc ovality index, intraocular pressure (IOP), and axial length in the AOSLO images.
The 40 eyes (20 normal and 20 glaucomatous) of 40 subjects were enrolled. The AOSLO provided laminar pore images of better quality than other imaging methods, and the number of visible pores was significantly greater in the AOSLO images than in the other imaging methods (the color disc photographs [P < 0.001] and SLO without AO images [P < 0.001]) when compared for 26 subjects. When compared for 40 subjects using AOSLO, the pore area was significantly larger in glaucomatous subjects than in normal subjects (P = 0.031), but elongation index was not. The pore area correlated significantly with the axial length (P = 0.008) in normal subjects, with the untreated IOPs (P = 0.002) in the glaucomatous subjects, and with the axial length (P = 0.001) and cup/disc ratio (P = 0.012) in the total subjects. Via multiple regression analysis, significant correlations with pore area were found for axial length in the normal (β = 0.684, P = 0.001) and total subjects (β = 0.496, P < 0.001) and untreated IOP in the glaucomatous (β = 0.506, P = 0.023) and total subjects (β = 0.331, P = 0.014).
AOSLO is a useful imaging technology for assessing laminar pore morphology. The laminar pore area may be affected by axial length and IOP.
SourceAvailable from: Takuhei Shoji
Dataset: Shoji T Graefe 2014 online
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the fine laminar structure of the optic nerve head (ONH), in vivo, using a broad wavelength, ultra-high resolution, and optically coherent tomography (OCT) system. This high-resolution OCT system, based on a 200 nm bandwidth spectrometer and an 8 femtosecond ultra-short, mode-locked, coherent laser light source, enabled in vivo cross-sectional ONH imaging with 2.0 μm axial resolution. A total of 300 optic disc B-scans, which consisted of 300 × 2048 pixels, were obtained in 10 μm steps. Three-dimensional images were rendered from these images to obtain n face images of the optic disc. Fundus photography, scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (SLO), and standard OCT were also performed for all subjects. Thirty-six eyes of normal subjects and ten eyes of glaucoma patients with mean age of 40.0 ± 10.0 years were enrolled in this study. Sequential en face images, from the ONH surface to deeper layers, were reconstructed in 2.0 μm steps. Observation of the images indicated variations in the shape and arrangement of the lamina pores at different depths. Clear lamina pores were identified by this technique in 44 eyes, compared with the fundus camera (identified in six eyes), SLO (identified in 14 eyes), and standard OCT (identified in 24 eyes) (all comparisons, p < 0.001). The fine structure of the ONH could be resolved in vivo using our OCT, providing improved imaging that can be used in research and clinical applications for a better characterization of the anatomical and pathological features associated with glaucoma.Albrecht von Graæes Archiv für Ophthalmologie 12/2014; DOI:10.1007/s00417-014-2870-5 · 2.33 Impact Factor