The minimal impact of food on the pharmacokinetics of ridaforolimus.
ABSTRACT Ridaforolimus, a potent inhibitor of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), is under development for the treatment for solid tumors. This open-label, randomized, 3-period crossover study investigated the effect of food on the pharmacokinetics of ridaforolimus 40 mg as well as safety and tolerability of the study medication.
Ridaforolimus was administered to 18 healthy, male subjects (mean age 36.4 years) in the fasted state, following ingestion of a light breakfast, and following a high-fat breakfast. Whole blood samples were collected from each subject pre-dose and 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 24, 48, 72, 96, and 168 h post-dose.
The geometric mean (95 % confidence interval, CI) fasted blood area under the curve (AUC(0-∞)) and maximum concentration (C(max)) were 1940 (1510, 2500) ng h/mL and 116 (87, 156) ng/mL, respectively, and median time to C(max) (T(max)) and average apparent terminal half-life (t(1/2)) were 6.0 and 64.5 h, respectively. Both T(max) and t(1/2) were similar in the fasted and fed states. With a light breakfast, the geometric mean intra-individual ratios (GMRs) for AUC(0-∞) and C(max) (fed/fasted) and 90 % CIs were 1.06 (0.85, 1.32) and 1.15 (0.83, 1.60); following a high-fat breakfast, the AUC(0-∞) and C(max) GMRs (90 % CI) were 1.46 (1.18, 1.81) and 1.12 (0.81, 1.53), respectively.
Increases in ridaforolimus exposure following both the light and high-fat breakfasts were not considered to be clinically meaningful. Ridaforolimus was generally well tolerated, and there were no discontinuations due to drug-related AEs. Ridaforolimus should be given without regard to food.