National Survey of Practices to Prevent Healthcare-Associated Infections in Thailand: The Role of Safety Culture and Collaboratives

Division of Infectious Diseases, Thammasat University Hospital, Pathumthani, Thailand.
Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology (Impact Factor: 4.18). 07/2012; 33(7):711-7. DOI: 10.1086/666330
Source: PubMed


To evaluate hospital characteristics and practices used by Thai hospitals to prevent catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI), central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI), and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), the 3 most common types of healthcare-associated infection (HAI) in Thailand.
Thai hospitals with an intensive care unit and 250 or more hospital beds.
Between January 1, 2010, and October 31, 2010, research nurses collected data from all eligible hospitals. The survey assessed hospital characteristics and practices to prevent CAUTI, CLABSI, and VAP. Ordinal logistic regression was used to assess relationships between hospital characteristics and use of prevention practices.
A total of 204 (80%) of 256 hospitals responded. Most hospitals (93%) reported regularly using alcohol-based hand rub. The most frequently reported prevention practice by infection was as follows: for CAUTI, condom catheters in men (47%); for CLABSI, avoiding routine central venous catheter changes (85%); and for VAP, semirecumbent positioning (84%). Hospitals with peripherally inserted central catheter insertion teams were more likely to regularly use elements of the CLABSI prevention bundle. Greater safety scores were associated with regular use of several VAP prevention practices. The only hospital characteristic associated with increased use of at least 1 prevention practice for each infection was membership in an HAI collaborative.
While reported adherence to hand hygiene was high, many of the prevention practices for CAUTI, CLABSI, and VAP were used infrequently in Thailand. Policies and interventions emphasizing specific infection prevention practices, establishing a strong institutional safety culture, and participating in collaboratives to prevent HAI may be beneficial.

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    • "Some of them are: counselling for standard or isolation precautions, investigation of HAI clusters or of HAI caused by multidrug-resistant microorganisms, discussion of specific VAP precautions. These interactions are not formalised but are the cornerstone of a safety culture [29]. They may account for the impact of surveillance upon rates. "
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