Synthesis and Structural Diversity of Barium (N,N-Dimethylamino)diboranates

The School of Chemical Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 600 South Mathews Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA.
Inorganic Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.76). 06/2012; 51(12):6449-59. DOI: 10.1021/ic2016879
Source: PubMed


The reaction of a slurry of BaBr(2) in a minimal amount of tetrahydrofuran (THF) with 2 equiv of Na(H(3)BNMe(2)BH(3)) in diethyl ether followed by crystallization from diethyl ether at -20 °C yields crystals of Ba(H(3)BNMe(2)BH(3))(2)(Et(2)O)(2) (1). Drying 1 at room temperature under vacuum gives the partially desolvated analogue Ba(H(3)BNMe(2)BH(3))(2)(Et(2)O)(x) (1') as a free-flowing white solid, where the value of x varies from <0.1 to about 0.4 depending on whether desolvation is carried out with or without heating. The reaction of 1 or 1' with Lewis bases that bind more strongly to barium than diethyl ether results in the formation of new complexes Ba(H(3)BNMe(2)BH(3))(2)(L), where L = 1,2-dimethoxyethane (2), N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine (3), 12-crown-4 (4), 18-crown-6 (5), N,N,N',N'-tetraethylethylenediamine (6), and N,N,N',N",N"-pentamethylethylenetriamine (7). Recrystallization of 4 and 5 from THF affords the related compounds Ba(H(3)BNMe(2)BH(3))(2)(12-crown-4)(THF)·THF (4') and Ba(H(3)BNMe(2)BH(3))(2)(18-crown-6)·2THF (5'). In addition, the reaction of BaBr(2) with 2 equiv of Na(H(3)BNMe(2)BH(3)) in the presence of diglyme yields Ba(H(3)BNMe(2)BH(3))(2)(diglyme)(2) (8), and the reaction of 1 with 15-crown-5 affords the diadduct [Ba(15-crown-5)(2)][H(3)BNMe(2)BH(3)](2) (9). Finally, the reaction of BaBr(2) with Na(H(3)BNMe(2)BH(3)) in THF, followed by the addition of 12-crown-4, affords the unusual salt [Na(12-crown-4)(2)][Ba(H(3)BNMe(2)BH(3))(3)(THF)(2)] (10). All of these complexes have been characterized by IR and (1)H and (11)B NMR spectroscopy, and the structures of compounds 1-3, 4', 5', and 6-10 have been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. As the steric demand of the Lewis bases increases, the structure changes from polymers to dimers to monomers and then to charge-separated species. Despite the fact that several of the barium complexes are monomeric in the solid state, none is appreciably volatile up to 200 °C at 10(-2) Torr.

11 Reads
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The reaction of CaBr2 with 2 equiv of sodium N,N-dimethylaminodiboranate, Na(H3BNMe2BH3) in Et2O at 0 °C followed by crystallization and drying in vacuum yields the unsolvated calcium compound Ca(H3BNMe2BH3)2, 1. Before the vacuum drying step, the colorless crystals obtained by crystallization consist of the diethyl ether adduct Ca(H3BNMe2BH3)2(Et2O)2, 2. If the reaction of CaBr2 with 2 equiv of Na(H3BNMe2BH3) is carried out in the more strongly coordinating solvent tetrahydrofuran (thf), the solvate Ca(H3BNMe2BH3)2(thf)2, 3, is obtained. This compound does not desolvate as easily in vacuum as the diethyl ether compound 2. Treating the thf adduct 3 with 1,2-dimethoxyethane (dme), bis(2-methoxyethyl) ether (diglyme), or N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine (tmeda) in thf affords the new compounds Ca(H3BNMe2BH3)2(dme), 4, Ca(H3BNMe2BH3)2(diglyme), 5, and Ca(H3BNMe2BH3)2(tmeda), 6, respectively, in greater than 60% yields. Treatment of 3 with 2 equiv of the crown ether 12-crown-4 in thf affords the charge-separated salt [Ca(12-crown-4)2][H3BNMe2BH3]2, 7. Crystal structures of all the Lewis base adducts are described. Compounds 2-6 all possess chelating κ(2)-BH3NMe2BH3-κ(2) groups, in which two hydrogen atoms on each boron center are bound to calcium. Compound 7 is the only ionic compound in the series; the Ca atom is completely encapsulated by two 12-crown-4 rings, and the anions are charge-separated counterions within the unit cell. When heated, the dme, diglyme, and tmeda compounds 4, 5, and 6 melt without decomposition, and can be sublimed readily under reduced pressure (1 Torr) at 90 °C (4) and 120 °C (5, 6). The dme adduct is one of the most volatile calcium compounds known, and is a promising CVD precursor for the growth of calcium-containing thin films.
    Inorganic Chemistry 12/2013; 53(2). DOI:10.1021/ic402237b · 4.76 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: [Ba(5,5´-dcbipy)(μ-H2O)2(H2O)2]n (1) complex was obtained from the reaction of one equivalent of 2,2'-bipyridine-5,5'-dicarboxylic acid (5,5´-dcbipy.H2) and one equivalent of ethylene diamine (en) with one equivalent of BaCl2.2H2O in water. This complex was characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-Vis, and luminescence spectroscopy and its structure was studied by the single-crystal X-ray diffraction method. The thermal stability of 1 was studied by thermogravimetric and differential thermal analyses.
    Synthesis and Reactivity in Inorganic Metal-Organic and Nano-Metal Chemistry 09/2015; 45(9). DOI:10.1080/15533174.2013.862822 · 0.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A facile synthesis of cyclic aminodiborane (NH2B2H5, ADB) from ammonia borane (NH3BH3, AB) and THFBH3 has made it possible to determine its important characteristics. Ammonia diborane (NH3BH2(μ-H)BH3, AaDB) and aminoborane (NH2BH2, AoB) were identified as key intermediates in the formation of ADB. Elimination of molecular hydrogen occurred from an ion pair, [H2B(NH3)(THF)]+[BH4]‒. Protic-hydridic hydrogen scrambling was proved on the basis of analysis of the molecular hydrogen products, ADB and other reagents through 2H NMR and MS, and it was proposed that the scrambling occurred as the ion pair reversibly formed a BH5-like intermediate, [(THF)BH2NH2](η2-H2)BH3. Loss of molecular hydrogen from the ion pair led to the formation of AoB, most of which was trapped by BH3 to form ADB with a small amount oligomerizing to (NH2BH2)n. Theoretical calculations showed the thermodynamic feasibility of the proposed intermediates and the activation processes. The structure of the ADBTHF complex was found from X-ray single crystal analysis to be a three-dimensional array of zigzag chains of ADB and THF, maintained by hydrogen and dihydrogen bonding. Room temperature exchange of terminal and bridge hydrogens in ADB was observed in THF solution, while such exchange was not observed in diethyl ether or toluene. Both experimental and theoretical results confirm that the B-H-B bridge in ADB is stronger than that in diborane (B2H6, DB). The B-H-B bridge is opened when ADB and NaH react to form sodium aminodiboronate, Na[NH2(BH3)2]. The structure of the sodium salt as its 18-crown-6 ether adduct was determined by X-ray single crystal analysis.
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 09/2015; 137(38). DOI:10.1021/jacs.5b08033 · 12.11 Impact Factor


11 Reads
Available from