Cytogenetic investigation of Triticum timopheevii (Zhuk.) Zhuk. and related species using the C-banding technique

Russian Academy of Sciences; Russian Agricultural Academy; Kansas State University, Throckmorton Hall
Theoretical and Applied Genetics (Impact Factor: 3.66). 10/1994; 89(5):622-628. DOI: 10.1007/BF00222457

ABSTRACT Triticum timopheevii and related species T. militinae (2n=28, AtG) and T. zhukovskyi (2n=42, AmAtG), hybrids T. kiharae, T. miguschovae, the amphidiploid T. timopheevii x T. tauschii (all 2n=42, AtGD), T. fungicidum (ABAtG) and T. timonovum (2n=56, AtAtGG) were analyzed using the C-banding technique. Chromosomes of the Am and At genomes in the karyotype of T. zhukovskyi differed in their C-banding pattern. Partial substitutions of At-genome chromosomes and a complete substitution of the G-genome chromosomes by homoeologous chromosomes of an unidentified tetraploid wheat species with an AB genome composition were found in the T. timonovum karyotype. At- and G-genome chromosomes in the karyotypes of all studied species had similar C-banding patterns and were characterized by a low level of polymorphism. The comparative stability of the At and G genomes is determined by the origin and specifity of cultivation of studied species.

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    ABSTRACT: The karyotypes of 47 hybrid lines obtained from crosses of common wheat Triticum aestivum L. (cv. Rodina and line 353) with Triticum timopheevii Zhuk, (AtAtGG) and related species T. militinae Zhuk. et Migusch. (AtAtGG) and T. kiharae Dorof. et Migusch. (AtAtGGDsqDsq) were analyzed by C-banding. Most lines were resistant to yellow rust and powdery mildew. The introgression of alien genetic material to the common wheat genome was realized via substitutions of complete At-, G-, and D-genome chromosomes, chromosome arms, or their fragments. The pattern of chromosome substitutions in resistant lines differed from that in introgressive hybrids selected for other traits. Substitutions of chromosomes 6G, 2At, 2G, and 5G were revealed in 31, 23, 18, and 13 lines, respectively. Substitutions of chromosomes 4G-, 4At, and 6At were not observed. In 15 lines, a 5BS. 5BL-5GL translocation was identified. High frequency of substitutions of chromosomes 2At, 2G, 5G, and 6G indicate that they may carry the resistance genes and that they are closely related to the respective homoeologous chromosomes of common wheat that determines their high compensation ability.
    Genetika 01/2001; 36(12):1663-73. · 0.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to study the distribution of the Spelt1 and Spelt52 repetitive DNA sequences on chromosomes of ten accessions representing three polyploid wheat species of the Timopheevi group: Triticum araraticum (7), T. timopheevii (2), and T. kiharae (1). Sequences of both families were found mostly in the subtelomeric chromosome regions of the G genome. The total number of Spelt1 sites varied from 8 to 14 in the karyotypes of the species under study; their number, location, and size differed among the seven T. araraticum accessions and were the same in the two T. timopheevii accessions and T. kiharae, an amphidiploid T. timopheevii-Aegilops tauschii hybrid. The Spelt52 tandem repeat was detected in the subtelomeric regions of chromosomes 1-4; its sites did not coincide with the Spelt1 sites. The chromosome distribution and signal intensity of the Spelt52 repeats varied in T. araraticum and were the same in T. timopheevii and T. kiharae. The chromosome distributions of the Spelt1 and Spelt52 repeats were compared for the polyploid wheats of the Timopheevi group and diploid Ae. speltoides, a putative donor of the G genome. The comparison revealed a decrease in hybridization level: both the number of sites per genome and the size of sites were lower. The decrease was assumed to result from repeat elimination during polyploidization and subsequent evolution of wheat and from the founder effect, since the origin of Timopheevi wheats might involve the genotype of Ae. speltoides, which is highly polymorphic for the distribution of Spelt1 and Spelt52 sequences and is similar in the chromosome location of the repeats to modern wheat.
    Genetika 07/2007; 43(6):771-81. · 0.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: C-banding patterns of the karyotypes of two closely related wild flax species, Linum austriacumL. (2n= 18) and Linum grandiflorumDesf. (2n= 16), were studied. The karyotypes of both species were similar in the chromosome morphology and size. In each species, metacentric and acrocentric chromosomes (1.7–4.3 m) and one satellite chromosome were observed. In the karyotypes of the species studied, all homologous chromosome pairs were identified, and quantitative idiograms were constructed. Eight chromosome pairs in the two species had similar C-banding patterns. A low level of intraspecific polymorphism in the intercalary and telomeric C-bands was shown in both species. The results indicate that the genomes of two flax species originated from one ancestral genome with the basic chromosome number of 8 or 9. Apparently, the duplication or loss of one chromosome with subsequent redistribution of the chromosome material in the ancestral form resulted in the divergence into two species,L. austriacumL. and L. grandiflorumDesf. A considerable similarity of chromosomes in these species provides evidence for their close phylogenetic relatedness, which makes it possible to place them in one section within the Linumgenus.
    Russian Journal of Genetics 02/2001; 37(3):253-256. · 0.43 Impact Factor


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May 17, 2014