Determination of inorganic arsenic species As(III) and As(V) by high performance liquid chromatography with hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry detection
ABSTRACT The paper presents the principles and advantages of a technique combining high performance liquid chromatography and hydride
generation atomic absorption spectrometry (HPLC-HGAAS) applied to speciation analysis of inorganic species of arsenic As(III)
and As(V) in ground water samples. With separation of the arsenic species on an ion-exchange column in the chromatographic
system and their detection by the hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry, the separation of the analytical signals
of the arsenic species was excellent at the limits of determination of 1.5 ng/ml As(III) and 2.2 ng/ml As(V) and RSD of 4.3%
and 7.8% for the concentration of 25 ng/ml. The hyphenated technique has been applied for determination of arsenic in polluted
ground water in the course of the study on migration of micropollutants. For total arsenic concentration two independent methods:
HGICP-OES and HGAAS were used for comparison of results of real samples analysis.
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ABSTRACT: This paper presents statistical analysis of results of determination of the total content of arsenic, anti- mony, selenium and microcomponents in 49 samples of groundwater from an area of western Poland (Wielkopolska). The total content of arsenic reached up to 3.00 ng/ml, antimony 1.25 ng/ml, selenium < 0.15 ng/ml, at detection limits of 0.16 ng/ml for As, 0.18 ng/ml for Sb and 0.15 ng/ml for Se. The samples showed low values of the content of the elements considered relative to the values obtained for water samples from other regions. As the groundwater samples were collected from isolated water bearing hor- izons, the values determined for them could be treated as geogenic.Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 01/2001; 10(5):347-350. · 0.46 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: An on-line method capable of the separation of arsenic species was developed for the speciation of arsenite As(III), arsenate As(V), monomethylarsenic (MMA) and dimethylarsenic acid (DMA) in biological samples. The method is based on the combination of high-performance liquid chromatograph (HPLC) for separation, UV photo oxidation for sample digestion and hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry (HGAFS) for sensitive detection. The best separation results were obtained with an anion-exchange AS11 column protected by an AG11 guard column, and gradient elution with NaH2PO4 and water as mobile phase. The on-line UV photo oxidation with 1.5% K2S2O8 in 0.2 mol L–1 NaOH in an 8 m PTFE coil for 40 s ensures the digestion of organoarsenic compounds. Detection limits for the four species were in the range of 0.11–0.15 ng (20 μL injected). Procedures were validated by analysis of the certified reference materials GBW09103 freeze-dried human urine and the results were in good agreement with the certified values of total arsenic concentration. The method has been successfully applied to speciation studies of blood arsenic species with no need of sample pretreatment. Speciation of arsenic in blood samples collected from two patients after the ingestion of realgar-containing drug reveals slight increase of arsenite and DMA, resulting from the digestion of realgar.Fresenius Journal of Analytical Chemistry 04/2012; 368(8):803-808.
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ABSTRACT: An automated on-line UV photooxidation with peroxodisulfate of some environmentally relevant organoarsenic and organotin compounds in a system built from commercially available modules has been studied and optimised with a view to both species-independent quantification of the total arsenic or tin in samples containing different organic species by flow injection hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry (FI–HGAAS) and speciation analysis by coupled high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with HGAAS detection. For organoarsenicals, the reaction with alkaline peroxodisulfate in a 10–15-m knotted reactor for >1.5 min insures >90% transformation of inorganic As(III) and six organoarsenic species to arsenate: monomethylarsonate, dimethylarsinate, arsenobetaine, arsenocholine, trimethylarsine oxide and tetramethylarsonium. For organotins, the UV photooxidation with acidic peroxodisulfate at 95–100°C provides recoveries of >80% for the inorganic tin, dimethyltin, trimethyltin, triethyltin, tripropyltin, triphenyltin, monobutyltin, dibutyltin and tributyltin but only approximately 15% for tetrabutyltin. The best characteristic masses in integrated absorbance (Aint) and peak-height (Ap) measurements, respectively, are 30 pg and 480 pg for arsenic(V) and 22 pg and 410 pg for tin(IV), employing 100-μl injections. The RSDs are 5.5% and 8.5% at 5 ng As(V) levels and 4.3% and 6.4% at 10 ng Sn(IV) levels in Aint and Ap modes, respectively. The limits of detection (LOD, 3σ) for As are 7 μg l−1 and 4 μg l−1 in FI-UV–HGAAS and HPLC–UV–HGAAS, respectively. The LODs for i-Sn(IV) are 2 μg l−1 in FI-UV–HGAAS, with both Aint and Ap measurements. The sample throughput rates are 20 and 12 samples per hour with 10-m and 15-m knotted reactors (i.d. 0.5 mm), respectively. Urine certified reference materials containing 0.052–0.48 μg ml−1 As have been analysed for their total arsenic content.Spectrochimica Acta Part B Atomic Spectroscopy 01/2000; · 3.14 Impact Factor