Description and Immediate Impacts of a Preventive Intervention for Conduct Problems

Oregon Prevention Research Center, Oregon Social Learning Center
American Journal of Community Psychology (Impact Factor: 1.74). 07/1999; 27(4):483-518. DOI: 10.1023/A:1022181111368
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A population-based randomized intervention trial for the prevention of conduct problems (i.e., oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder) is described. The LIFT (Linking the Interests of Families and Teachers) intervention was designed for all first- and fifth-grade elementary school boys and girls and their families living in at-risk neighborhoods characterized by high rates of juvenile delinquency. The 10-week intervention strategy was carefully targeted at proximal and malleable antecedents in three social domains that were identified by a developmental model of conduct problems. From 12 elementary schools, 671 first and fifth graders and their families participated either in the theory-based universal preventive intervention or in a control condition. The intervention consisted of parent training, a classroom-based social skills program, a playground behavioral program, and systematic communication between teachers and parents. A multiple measure assessment strategy was used to evaluate participant satisfaction and participation, fidelity of implementation, and the immediate impacts of the program on targeted antecedents.

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Available from: Mike Stoolmiller, Aug 05, 2015
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    • ") situated in neighborhoods with high levels of juvenile arrests relative to the local area (Reid et al., 1999). Six schools participated in the universal prevention condition (10 weeks), and six schools served as controls. "
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    ABSTRACT: This study tests a model of reciprocal influences between absenteeism and youth psychopathology using 3 longitudinal datasets (Ns = 20,745, 2,311, and 671). Participants in 1st through 12th grades were interviewed annually or biannually. Measures of psychopathology include self-, parent-, and teacher-report questionnaires. Structural cross-lagged regression models were tested. In a nationally representative data set (Add Health), middle school students with relatively greater absenteeism at Study Year 1 tended toward increased depression and conduct problems in Study Year 2, over and above the effects of autoregressive associations and demographic covariates. The opposite direction of effects was found for both middle and high school students. Analyses with 2 regionally representative data sets were also partially supportive. Longitudinal links were more evident in adolescence than in childhood.
    Child Development 12/2011; 83(1):351-66. DOI:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2011.01677.x · 4.92 Impact Factor
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    • "Participants The trial recruited first and fifth graders and their families from 12 local elementary schools to participate in the study. Children and families in the study reflected the local demographics which consisted of residents who were primarily Caucasian and from lower to middle classes (for more information, see Reid et al., 1999 "
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    ABSTRACT: Over the past two decades, the number of children with parents in prison has increased substantially. Using structural equation modeling with prospective longitudinal data gathered as part of the ongoing Linking the Interests of Families and Teachers (LIFT) trial, the study tests a theoretical model which examines the direct and indirect relationships of four specific domains (parental incarceration, social advantage, parent mental and physical health, effective parenting) as they relate to youth antisocial behavior in the 5th, 8th, and 10th grades. Across all three grades, the relationship between parental incarceration and youth antisocial behaviors was mediated through a complex set of both direct and indirect pathways involving social advantage, parent health, and effective parenting. The total amount of variation explained by the models for youth externalizing ranged from .60 (in 5th grade) to .21 (in 10th grade). The total effects in all the refined models were small.
    Journal of Community Psychology 07/2011; 39(5):551-565. DOI:10.1002/jcop.20451 · 0.99 Impact Factor
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    • "Approximately half of the target youth were females (n = 334) and half were males (n = 321). Similar to the local population, youth and their families were primarily Caucasian and from the lower to middle socio-economic classes (for complete details see Reid et al., 1999). "
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    ABSTRACT: Over the past several decades, the number of youth with parents in prison in the U.S. has increased substantially. Findings thus far indicate a vulnerable group of children. Using prospective longitudinal data gathered as part of the population-based Linking the Interests of Families and Teachers (LIFT) randomized controlled trial, adolescents who had an incarcerated parent during childhood are compared to those who did not across four key domains: family social advantage, parent health, the parenting strategies of families, and youth externalizing behavior and serious delinquency. Past parental incarceration was associated with lower family income, parental education, parental socioeconomic status, and parental health, and with higher levels of parental depression, inappropriate and inconsistent discipline, youth problem behaviors and serious delinquency. The effect sizes for significant associations were small to moderate.
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