Article

Description and Immediate Impacts of a Preventive Intervention for Conduct Problems

Oregon Prevention Research Center, Oregon Social Learning Center
American Journal of Community Psychology (Impact Factor: 1.74). 07/1999; 27(4):483-518. DOI: 10.1023/A:1022181111368
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A population-based randomized intervention trial for the prevention of conduct problems (i.e., oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder) is described. The LIFT (Linking the Interests of Families and Teachers) intervention was designed for all first- and fifth-grade elementary school boys and girls and their families living in at-risk neighborhoods characterized by high rates of juvenile delinquency. The 10-week intervention strategy was carefully targeted at proximal and malleable antecedents in three social domains that were identified by a developmental model of conduct problems. From 12 elementary schools, 671 first and fifth graders and their families participated either in the theory-based universal preventive intervention or in a control condition. The intervention consisted of parent training, a classroom-based social skills program, a playground behavioral program, and systematic communication between teachers and parents. A multiple measure assessment strategy was used to evaluate participant satisfaction and participation, fidelity of implementation, and the immediate impacts of the program on targeted antecedents.

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    • ") situated in neighborhoods with high levels of juvenile arrests relative to the local area (Reid et al., 1999). Six schools participated in the universal prevention condition (10 weeks), and six schools served as controls. "
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    ABSTRACT: This study tests a model of reciprocal influences between absenteeism and youth psychopathology using 3 longitudinal datasets (Ns = 20,745, 2,311, and 671). Participants in 1st through 12th grades were interviewed annually or biannually. Measures of psychopathology include self-, parent-, and teacher-report questionnaires. Structural cross-lagged regression models were tested. In a nationally representative data set (Add Health), middle school students with relatively greater absenteeism at Study Year 1 tended toward increased depression and conduct problems in Study Year 2, over and above the effects of autoregressive associations and demographic covariates. The opposite direction of effects was found for both middle and high school students. Analyses with 2 regionally representative data sets were also partially supportive. Longitudinal links were more evident in adolescence than in childhood.
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    • "Participants The trial recruited first and fifth graders and their families from 12 local elementary schools to participate in the study. Children and families in the study reflected the local demographics which consisted of residents who were primarily Caucasian and from lower to middle classes (for more information, see Reid et al., 1999 "
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    Journal of Community Psychology 07/2011; 39(5):551-565. DOI:10.1002/jcop.20451 · 0.99 Impact Factor
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    • "Approximately half of the target youth were females (n = 334) and half were males (n = 321). Similar to the local population, youth and their families were primarily Caucasian and from the lower to middle socio-economic classes (for complete details see Reid et al., 1999). "
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