Electroretinographic oscillatory potentials in diabetic retinopathy
ABSTRACT The oscillatory potentials of the electroretinogram in dark and light adaptation were evaluated by Fourier transform in 87 diabetics and 74 age-matched controls. The study consisted of four groups: normal control, no observable diabetic retinopathy, background diabetic retinopathy and proliferative diabetic retinopathy. A reduction in the amplitude of each oscillatory potential, the summed amplitudes, the area and the total power of the oscillatory potentials as well as delayed implicit time of each oscillatory potential peak in dark and light adaptation could be found in patients with background diabetic retinopathy and proliferative diabetic retinopathy. The amplitude of oscillatory potential 4 in dark adaptation and the total power of the oscillatory potentials in light adaptation seemed to be affected in patients with no observable diabetic retinopathy. The implicit time of oscillatory potential 2 in dark adaptation was valuable to distinguish between patients with no observable diabetic retinopathy and background diabetic retinopathy.
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ABSTRACT: Both basic and clinical electrophysiological investigations have established that the oscillatory potentials (OP) and pattern electroretinogram (PERG) appear to originate from retinal sites that are in proximity. The OPs, subcomponents of the flash ERG, have been shown to reflect disturbances in retinal circulation, and OP amplitude attenuation or loss may be a distinctive feature of diabetic retinopathy. The PERG has been shown to be abnormal in diseases of the optic nerve and ganglion cell body. Thus its relative sensitivity for detection of electroretinal abnormalities in diabetic retinopathy is in question. This study assessed the sensitivity of ERG and OP measures in their detection of abnormalities of electroretinal function in diabetic patients referred to our laboratory. Thirty-five adult Type I patients were studied: 21 with background retinopathy (BR group), 14 with no evidence of background retinopathy (No BR group), and 25 normal control subjects. Monocular OPs were recorded to full-field ganzfeld stimulation at four stimulus intensities. PERGs were obtained from checkerboard pattern reversal stimulation (check-size = 30' arc). Peak-to-peak amplitude and peak implicit time measures of PERGs and OPs were obtained. Subsequent multivariate analysis demonstrated significant differences between normals and diabetic patients, including diabetics with no clinical evidence of retinopathy. In addition, the OP and PERG implicit times appear to be unaffected while OP and PERG amplitudes were diminished in patients with background retinopathy. Only OP amplitudes were found to be significantly diminished in diabetic patients with no photographic evidence of background retinopathy. The PERGs were normal in these patients. Overall, the OP amplitude measures were more sensitive than PERG measures in detecting abnormalities in patients with no retinal photographic evidence of background retinopathy.Documenta Ophthalmologica 07/1987; 66(3):207-18. · 1.54 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Of all the electroretinogram (ERG) components (a-wave, b-wave, and oscillatory potentials) only one oscillatory potential, OP2, was found to be significantly correlated with the absolute intensity of the flash stimulus (i.e., the intensity of the stimulus irrespective of the state of retinal adaptation). Our finding was further confirmed in single cell recordings of lateral geniculate unit activity in rabbits in which peak time of OP2 was found to correlate better with the geniculate activity. For these reasons we have identified OP2 as the "intensity coding" oscillatory potential of the ERG. In order to investigate if this new feature could have some clinical significance, we examined photopic ERGs recorded from patients affected with various retinopathies. In most instances the peak time of OP2 paralleled that of the b-wave, that is, in the ERG with delayed b-wave the peak time of OP2 was also delayed, while in ERGs with normal b-wave peak time the peak time of OP2 was also normal. However, in some conditions (especially in cone-rod diseases) a delayed OP2 was found in ERGs with normal b-wave peak times.Documenta Ophthalmologica 01/1990; 73(4):327-36. · 1.54 Impact Factor
- Acta ophthalmologica 05/2009; 40(S70):115 - 123. · 2.44 Impact Factor