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Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein f suppresses angiotensinogen gene expression and attenuates hypertension and kidney injury in diabetic mice.

Corresponding author: John S.D. Chan, .
Diabetes (Impact Factor: 7.9). 06/2012; 61(10):2597-608. DOI: 10.2337/db11-1349
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We investigated the impact of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein F (hnRNP F) overexpression on angiotensinogen (Agt) gene expression, hypertension, and renal proximal tubular cell (RPTC) injury in high-glucose milieu both in vivo and in vitro. Diabetic Akita transgenic (Tg) mice specifically overexpressing hnRNP F in their RPTCs were created, and the effects on systemic hypertension, Agt gene expression, renal hypertrophy, and interstitial fibrosis were studied. We also examined immortalized rat RPTCs stably transfected with control plasmid or plasmid containing hnRNP F cDNA in vitro. The results showed that hnRNP F overexpression attenuated systemic hypertension, suppressed Agt and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) gene expression, and reduced urinary Agt and angiotensin II levels, renal hypertrophy, and glomerulotubular fibrosis in Akita hnRNP F-Tg mice. In vitro, hnRNP F overexpression prevented the high-glucose stimulation of Agt and TGF-β1 mRNA expression and cellular hypertrophy in RPTCs. These data suggest that hnRNP F plays a modulatory role and can ameliorate hypertension, renal hypertrophy, and interstitial fibrosis in diabetes. The underlying mechanism is mediated, at least in part, via the suppression of intrarenal Agt gene expression in vivo. hnRNP F may be a potential target in the treatment of hypertension and kidney injury in diabetes.

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    ABSTRACT: AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We investigated whether heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins F and K (hnRNP F, hnRNP K) mediate insulin inhibition of renal Agt expression and prevention of hypertension and kidney injury in an Akita mouse model of type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Adult male Akita mice (12 weeks old) were treated with insulin implants and killed at week 16. Untreated non-Akita littermates served as controls. The effects of insulin on blood glucose, systolic BP (SBP), renal proximal tubular cell (RPTC) gene expression and interstitial fibrosis were studied. We also examined immortalised rat RPTCs stably transfected with control plasmid or with plasmid containing rat Agt promoter in vitro. RESULTS: Insulin treatment normalised blood glucose levels and SBP, inhibited renal AGT expression but enhanced hnRNP F, hnRNP K and angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 expression, attenuated renal hypertrophy and glomerular hyperfiltration and decreased urinary albumin/creatinine ratio, as well as AGT and angiotensin II levels, in Akita mice. In vitro, insulin inhibited Agt but stimulated Hnrnpf and Hnrnpk expression in high-glucose media via p44/42 mitogen-activated protein kinase signalling in RPTCs. Transfection with Hnrnpf or Hnrnpk small interfering RNAs prevented insulin inhibition of Agt expression in RPTCs. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: These data indicate that insulin prevents hypertension and attenuates kidney injury, at least in part, through suppressing renal Agt transcription via upregulation of hnRNP F and hnRNP K expression in diabetic Akita mice. HnRNP F and hnRNP K may be potential targets in the treatment of hypertension and kidney injury in diabetes.
    Diabetologia 04/2013; · 6.49 Impact Factor

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