The role of mercury in the processes of vital activity of the human and mammalian organisms
ABSTRACT Mercury belongs to one of the most common heavy metals that have high biological activity in relation to human and animal
cells. However, the physiological role of mercury in the metabolism of eukaryotic cells is still unclear. The given review
provides current information on certain properties of mercury, the mechanisms of penetration of Hg (II) inside cells, its
genotoxic and cytotoxic effects, as well as the role of mercury in the induction of autoimmune processes involving production
of autoantibodies to the nucleolar protein fibrillarin.