The effects of an acute dose of Rhodiola rosea on exercise performance and cognitive function

Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition (Impact Factor: 1.5). 01/2009; 6:1-1. DOI: 10.1186/1550-2783-6-S1-P14


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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of acute plasma volume expansion (APVE) on oxygen uptake (V(O2)) kinetics, V(O2peak), and time to exhaustion during severe-intensity exercise. Eight recreationally active men performed "step" cycle ergometer exercise tests at a work rate requiring 70% of the difference between the gas-exchange threshold and V(O2max) on three occasions: twice as a "control" (Con) and once after intravenous infusion of a plasma volume expander (Gelofusine; 7 ml/kg body mass). Pulmonary gas exchange was measured breath by breath. APVE resulted in a significant reduction in hemoglobin concentration (preinfusion: 16.0 +/- 1.0 vs. postinfusion: 14.7 +/- 0.8 g/dl; P < 0.001) and hematocrit (preinfusion: 44 +/- 2 vs. postinfusion: 41 +/- 3%; P < 0.01). Despite this reduction in arterial O(2) content, APVE had no effect on V(O2) kinetics (phase II time constant, Con: 33 +/- 15 vs. APVE: 34 +/- 12 s; P = 0.74), and actually resulted in an increased V(O2peak) (Con: 3.90 +/- 0.56 vs. APVE: 4.12 +/- 0.55 l/min; P = 0.006) and time to exhaustion (Con: 365 +/- 58 vs. APVE: 424 +/- 64 s; P = 0.04). The maximum O(2) pulse was also enhanced by the treatment (Con: 21.3 +/- 3.4 vs. APVE: 22.7 +/- 3.4 ml/beat; P = 0.04). In conclusion, APVE does not alter V(O2) kinetics but enhances V(O2peak) and exercise tolerance during high-intensity cycle exercise in young recreationally active subjects.
    Journal of Applied Physiology 10/2006; 101(3):707-14. DOI:10.1152/japplphysiol.00154.2006 · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Plant adaptogens are compounds that increase the ability of an organism to adapt to environmental factors and to avoid damage from such factors. The beneficial effects of multi-dose administration of adaptogens are mainly associated with the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, a part of the stress-system that is believed to play a primary role in the reactions of the body to repeated stress and adaptation. In contrast, the single dose application of adaptogens is important in situations that require a rapid response to tension or to a stressful situation. In this case, the effects of the adaptogens are associated with another part of the stress-system, namely, the sympatho-adrenal-system (SAS), that provides a rapid response mechanism mainly to control the acute reaction of the organism to a stressor. This review focuses primarily on the SAS-mediated stimulating effects of single doses of adaptogens derived from Rhodiola rosea, Schizandra chinensis and Eleutherococcus senticosus. The use of these drugs typically generates no side effects, unlike traditional stimulants that possess addiction, tolerance and abuse potential, produce a negative effect on sleep structure, and cause rebound hypersomnolence or 'come down' effects. Furthermore, single administration of these adaptogens effectively increases mental performance and physical working capacity in humans. R. rosea is the most active of the three plant adaptogens producing, within 30 min of administration, a stimulating effect that continues for at least 4-6 h. The active principles of the three plants that exhibit single dose stimulating effects are glycosides of phenylpropane- and phenylethane-based phenolic compounds such as salidroside, rosavin, syringin and triandrin, the latter being the most active.
    Phytotherapy Research 11/2005; 19(10):819-38. DOI:10.1002/ptr.1751 · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of repeated low-dose treatment with a standardized extract SHR/5 of rhizome Rhodiola rosea L, (RRE) on fatigue during night duty among a group of 56 young, healthy physicians. The effect was measured as total mental performance calculated as Fatigue Index. The tests chosen reflect an overall level of mental fatigue, involving complex perceptive and cognitive cerebral functions, such as associative thinking, short-term memory, calculation and ability of concentration, and speed of audio-visual perception. These parameters were tested before and after night duty during three periods of two weeks each: a) a test period of one RRE/placebo tablet daily, b) a washout period and c) a third period of one placebo/RRE tablet daily, in a double-blind cross-over trial. The perceptive and cognitive cerebral functions mentioned above were investigated using 5 different tests. A statistically significant improvement in these tests was observed in the treatment group (RRE) during the first two weeks period. No side-effects were reported for either treatment noted. These results suggest that RRE can reduce general fatigue under certain stressful conditions.
    Phytomedicine 11/2000; 7(5):365-71. DOI:10.1016/S0944-7113(00)80055-0 · 2.88 Impact Factor


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